Flashcards in 10) Substance Misuse Deck (11):
Why do people use drugs and drink?
Deprived area of living
What problems can alcohol misuse lead to?
Physical health (cancer, heart disease)
Mental health problems
Describe low risk drinking:
Abstention or people who drink within safe guidelines
Describe hazardous drinking:
Drinking over sensible limits, either regular consumption or less frequent heavy sessions
No alcohol related problems
Describe harmful drinking:
Above recommended limits and clear evidence of alcohol related harm
Describe moderate dependence:
Degree of dependence but not drinking to relieve symptoms
Detox in community
Describe severe dependence:
Serious and long standing problems, significant withdrawal and drinking to relieve symptoms
Detox at inpatient
Describe an alcohol screening tool:
Feel you should cut down
Annoyed by criticism
Eye opener - drink in morning
How can a patient be detoxed?
Chlordiazepoxide, vit B1, diazepam
What supportive treatment can an alcoholic be given?
Vit B1, B complex and thiamine to reduce harm and treat Wernicke's