10) Substance Misuse Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 10) Substance Misuse Deck (11):
1

Why do people use drugs and drink?

Social influences
Deprived area of living
Mental health

2

What problems can alcohol misuse lead to?

Physical health (cancer, heart disease)
Offending behaviours
Mental health problems

3

Describe low risk drinking:

Abstention or people who drink within safe guidelines

4

Describe hazardous drinking:

Drinking over sensible limits, either regular consumption or less frequent heavy sessions
No alcohol related problems

5

Describe harmful drinking:

Above recommended limits and clear evidence of alcohol related harm

6

Describe moderate dependence:

Degree of dependence but not drinking to relieve symptoms
Detox in community

7

Describe severe dependence:

Serious and long standing problems, significant withdrawal and drinking to relieve symptoms
Detox at inpatient

8

Describe an alcohol screening tool:

CAGE
Feel you should cut down
Annoyed by criticism
Guilty
Eye opener - drink in morning

9

How can a patient be detoxed?

Chlordiazepoxide, vit B1, diazepam

10

What supportive treatment can an alcoholic be given?

Vit B1, B complex and thiamine to reduce harm and treat Wernicke's

11

What relapse prevention may be provided?

Disulfiram