Flashcards in 5) Ageing Deck (9):
At what ages does dementia prevalence increase?
What do cross sectional studies show about intelligence and ageing?
Gradual decline in IQ, accelerating after 80
What do longitudinal studies show about intelligence and ageing?
Decline doesn't occur in all areas at the same rate
What components of intelligence are more stable with age?
Highly learnt skills and general knowledge
What is the developmental model of personality ageing?
Derives from psychoanalytical theory
Emotional conflicts at different ages decide personality
What are Erikson's life stage conflicts?
Young adult - intimacy v isolation
Mid-adult - generation v stagnation
Old age - integrity v despair
What is the trait model of personality ageing?
Personality described in terms of constituent traits, stable over time
What are the two models for 'successful' ageing?
Disengagement model - disengagement form social involvement as an adaptive mechanism
Activity model - successful ageing requires maximal engagement in all areas of life