5) Ageing Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5) Ageing Deck (9):
1

At what ages does dementia prevalence increase?

75

2

What do cross sectional studies show about intelligence and ageing?

Gradual decline in IQ, accelerating after 80

3

What do longitudinal studies show about intelligence and ageing?

Decline doesn't occur in all areas at the same rate

4

What components of intelligence are more stable with age?

Highly learnt skills and general knowledge

5

What is the developmental model of personality ageing?

Derives from psychoanalytical theory
Emotional conflicts at different ages decide personality

6

What are Erikson's life stage conflicts?

Young adult - intimacy v isolation
Mid-adult - generation v stagnation
Old age - integrity v despair

7

What is the trait model of personality ageing?

Personality described in terms of constituent traits, stable over time

8

What are the two models for 'successful' ageing?
Describe them

Disengagement model - disengagement form social involvement as an adaptive mechanism
Activity model - successful ageing requires maximal engagement in all areas of life

9

What social factors can affect ageing?

Family - increased geographical mobility
Death and bereavement
Acknowledging mortality
Retirement - loss of social network