11) Child Development and Communication Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11) Child Development and Communication Deck (20):
1

Why is attachment needed?

Safety and security

2

How do infants keep mother close?

Proximity seeking and contact maintaining behaviours e.g. crying

3

When can an infant distinguish strangers from non-strangers?

3 months

4

When do specific attachments develop?

7-8 months

5

What is attachment dependent on?

Quality of care
Carer's acceptance of role

6

What does secure attachment lead to later in life?

Better social competence

7

What can disruption to attachment lead to?

Personality and mental disorders

8

What three things does separation result in?

Protest, despair and detachment

9

What physical and emotional factors does separation cause?

Anxiety, depression
Affects sleep and heart rate

10

What improvements have been made to hospitals to stop the negatives of separation?

Parent/carer access
Reassure child that they aren't being punished
Environment made to be like home
Continuity of staff - allows relationships to form

11

What are the criticisms of attachment theory?

Focussed on mothers
Often multiple attachment figures
Quality of substitute care not considered

12

What are Piaget's four stage of childhood cognitive development?

Sensori-motor
Pre-operational
Concrete operational
Formal operational

13

Describe the sensori-motor stage and what years this occurs between:

Between 0-2 years, think by doing:
Experience world through senses
Develop motor co-ordination
Body schema - where they end
Understand permanence

14

Describe the pre-operational stage and what years this occurs between:

2-7 years
Language development
Imagine
Classification by single feature
Only see their point of view

15

Describe the concrete operational stage and what years this occurs between:

7-12 years
Think logically but not abstract
Classification by multiple features
Able to see things from others' perspective

16

Describe the formal operational stage and what years this occurs between:

Abstract logic
Hypothetic-deductive reasoning

17

What are the criticisms of Piaget's theory?

Focus on what child can't do
May give partial info as child deemed too young to understand -> damaging

18

What is Vygotsky's theory of social development?

Cognitive development requires social interaction
Child learns through shared problem solving, with instruction

19

What are the implications of childhood development theories for communication in practice?

Don't assume average ability, assess and tailor
Difficult to articulate feelings or think about the future
Danger of using metaphors

20

Give some examples of good communication with children:

Smile
Talk to parent first so child can relax
Simple, clear info, may act out
Give child choice
Distract them by talking about their interests
Give rewards