7) LGBT Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7) LGBT Health Deck (16):
1

What is sexual orientation?

What gender you are attracted to

2

What is gender identity?

Someone's internal perception and experience of their gender

3

What is gender expression?

The way the person lives in society and interacts with others e.g. how you dress, talk and act

4

What is transgender?

Gender identity differs form birth

5

What is trans-sexual?

Feels a consistent and overwhelming desire to fulfil life as a member of opposite sex

6

What causes depression and anxiety in the LGBT population?

Discrimination and marginalisation

7

What can discrimination lead to?

Increased stress
Low self-esteem
Isolation
Sub-culture with unhealthy behaviours e.g. smoking
Distrust of authorities - not reporting MH problems

8

What are some important health needs for LGBT population?

Mental health
Substance use
Cancer - anal
STI - HIV and syphilis in MSM

9

What are some problems with current healthcare professionals' treatment of LGBT?

Inappropriate questions
Prejudice
Not respecting confidentiality

10

What is heterosexism?

Discrimination or prejudice against homosexuals on the assumption that heterosexuality is the normal sexual orientation

11

Give examples of some assumptions made about LGBT populations in healthcare:

Assuming a patient has opposite sex partner
Assuming a butch looking women doesn't need contraception

12

Why can terminology around sexual behaviour be a problem when talking to patients?

Different patients have different ideas abut what the term 'sex' means
Must be specific and check patient understanding

13

What is the NATSAL survey?

National survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyle

14

Why is it difficult to obtain accurate information about sexual behaviour?

Sensitive subject, people may not want to reveal info
Small sample size
People can't recall all sexual encounters

15

What are the implications of diversity in sexual behaviour?

Varies greatly between people and ages
Often stereotypes used and diversity overlooked (old people don't have sex)

16

What are the aims of palliative care?

Control of pain
Minimal psychosocial problems
Best quality of life
Support system for family