4) Diversity and Stereotypes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4) Diversity and Stereotypes Deck (15):
1

What is the relevance of human diversity in healthcare?

Different groups of people have different:
Health problems
Health beliefs
Health behaviours
Health needs

2

What are stereotypes?

Generalisations we make about specific social groups and members of those groups

3

Why are stereotypes useful?

Save 'processing power' and makes environment predictable by organising information as schemata

4

What is schemata?

Members of group share some characteristics

5

What are the negatives of schemata?

Overlooks diversity
Sometimes remains unchanged even if contradictory information is presented
Emphasises negative thoughts

6

What are the positives of groups?

Source of self identity and self esteem

7

What are some potential negative of groups?

Focus on negatives in outside groups
Prejudice

8

What is prejudice?

Prejudgement based on negative stereotypes

9

What is discrimination?

Behaving differently with people of different groups because of their group membership

10

When are we more likely to rely on stereotypes?

When under pressure, fatigued or suffering information overload

11

How can negative stereotypes be challenged?

Reflective practice and getting to know members of other groups

12

What is the medical model of disability?

People are disabled by their impairments or differences

13

What is the social model of disability?

Disability is caused by the way society is organised, barriers to those with a disability (trying to remove these)

14

What are the negative connotations of the medical model of disability?

Looks at what is 'wrong' with the person not what they need
Creates low expectation and loss of independence

15

What barriers are there for disabled people in healthcare?

Physical/environmental (accessibility)
Attitudinal and behavioural (way staff treat the disabled)
Institutional (staff training)