2) Coping Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2) Coping Deck (16):
1

What concerns may a patient have when coping with a chronic illness?

Diagnosis - shock, anxiety, depression
Physical impact - pain, diasbility
Treatment - side effects, surgery
Hospitalisation - loss of privacy

2

What socioeconomic impact could chronic illness have?

Financial problems (work)
Social problems (childcare)
Relationship problems

3

What is coping?

Finding ways to manage events appraised as threats that exceed a person's resources.

4

What is emotion focussed coping?

Change emotion through behavioural approach (do something to distract) or by cognitive approach (create positive thoughts)

5

What is problem focussed coping?

Reduce demands of situation
Expand resources

6

In what 3 ways can we aid coping?

Increase social support
Increase personal control
Prepare patients for stressful events (reduce uncertainty)

7

How can patients be prepared for stressful events?

Effective communication, peer contact, respond to individual preferences

8

What are outcomes of successful coping?

Adjusting to negative events
Reducing threats and enhancing prospects of recovery
Positive self image
Maintaining relationships

9

What is anxiety?

Response to a threat leading to unpleasant emotional state which may include feelings of panic or dread

10

What can sustained anxiety lead to?

Unhelpful thinking patterns and physiological effects

11

Examples of anxiety disorders:

Phobia, panic attacks, PTSD

12

What is depression?

Response to loss, failure or helplessness with emotional state characterised by persistent low  mood, sadness, loss of interest

13

When are people are high risk of depression?

More painful and disabling illnesses
Lacking resources e.g. social support

14

What can co-morbid depression do?

Exacerbate the pain and distress
Adversely affect illness outcomes

15

What effects can anxiety and depression have on health?

Compromised quality of life
Low adherence
Unhealthy behaviour

16

What barriers are there to recognising psychological problems in patients?

Symptoms may be inadvertently missed (post op)
Patients may not disclose symptoms (stigma)
HCPs may avoid asking