Flashcards in 2) Coping Deck (16):
What concerns may a patient have when coping with a chronic illness?
Diagnosis - shock, anxiety, depression
Physical impact - pain, diasbility
Treatment - side effects, surgery
Hospitalisation - loss of privacy
What socioeconomic impact could chronic illness have?
Financial problems (work)
Social problems (childcare)
What is coping?
Finding ways to manage events appraised as threats that exceed a person's resources.
What is emotion focussed coping?
Change emotion through behavioural approach (do something to distract) or by cognitive approach (create positive thoughts)
What is problem focussed coping?
Reduce demands of situation
In what 3 ways can we aid coping?
Increase social support
Increase personal control
Prepare patients for stressful events (reduce uncertainty)
How can patients be prepared for stressful events?
Effective communication, peer contact, respond to individual preferences
What are outcomes of successful coping?
Adjusting to negative events
Reducing threats and enhancing prospects of recovery
Positive self image
What is anxiety?
Response to a threat leading to unpleasant emotional state which may include feelings of panic or dread
What can sustained anxiety lead to?
Unhelpful thinking patterns and physiological effects
Examples of anxiety disorders:
Phobia, panic attacks, PTSD
What is depression?
Response to loss, failure or helplessness with emotional state characterised by persistent low mood, sadness, loss of interest
When are people are high risk of depression?
More painful and disabling illnesses
Lacking resources e.g. social support
What can co-morbid depression do?
Exacerbate the pain and distress
Adversely affect illness outcomes
What effects can anxiety and depression have on health?
Compromised quality of life