chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

CSCS > chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter 9 Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

cardiovascular adverse effects of steriods

lipid profile changes
elevated blood pressure
decreased myocardial function

2

endocrine adverse effects of steriods

gynecomastia
decreased sperm count
testicular atrophy
impotence and trasient infertility

3

genitourinary adverse effects of steroids

males: decreased sperm count and decreased testicular size
femalies menstrual irregularities
males and females gynecomastia and libido changes

4

dermatological adverse effects of steriods

acne and male pattern baldness

5

hepatic adverse effects of steriods

increased risk of liver tumors and damange

6

musculoskeletal adverse effects of steriods

premature epiphyseal plate closure
icreased risk of tendon tears and intramuscular abscess

7

psychological adverse effects of steriods

mania, depression, aggression, and mood swings

8

adverse effects of HGH

gigantism
acromegaly
arthritis
metabolic abnormalities
organ enlargement

9

athletes using HGH may experience ? which is a disfiguring diease charateriized by widening of the bones, arthritis, organ enlargement and metabolic abnormalities.

acromegaly

10

steriod producted by the kidneys and stimulates the production of new red blood cells used by marathon runners and are associated with elevations of hematocrit and hemoglobin

erythropoietin EPO

11

adverse effects of EPO

increased blood viscosity, blood cloting, elevations in systolic blodd pressure, compromised thermoregulatory system.

12

steriod that regulates physiological effects such as lipolysis and thermogenesis

b adrenergic agonists such as cimaterol and clenbuterol

13

b blockers

drugs that block the b adrenergic receptors preventing catecholamines from binding, reduces anxiety. taken by shooters

14

b blockers can reduce performance by

reducing oxygen and substrate delivery to exercising muscles

15

is HMB supplementation effiecent?

no

16

what is muscle buffering capacity?

the ability to regulate H concentration in skeletal muscle during high-intensity exercise

17

muscle buffering capacity has a positive relationship between exercise performance in athletes who participate in what sports

bball, soccer, hockey cycling, sprinting

18

you can improve your MBC by

training or by taking b alanine, sodium bicarbonate and citrate

19

carnosine and b alaline is effiecent

true

20

should althelets use sodium bicarbonate

maybe, it is effective bu the side effects may not be worth it

21

what is ephedrine used for?

fat loss

22

side effects of ephedra

nausea, vomiting, psychiatric symtpoms