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Flashcards in Food Habits and Cultural Patterns Deck (29)
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1

Food habits are least affected by
a. news reports.
b. economics.
c. cultural factors.
d. social customs.

news reports.

2

As a result of changing lifestyles and family patterns, there has been a dramatic increase in
a. the use of convenience foods.
b. intake of fresh fruits and vegetables.
c. time spent at family meals.
d. intake of canned foods.

the use of convenience foods.

has become a part of family lifestyle and family patterns today with the fast pace of life and more women in the workforce.

3

A new food or new advice about food is more readily accepted if it comes from a(n)
a. dietitian.
b. medical professional.
c. friend.
d. advertiser.

friend.

4

In Mediterranean countries, the main cooking fat is
a. olive oil.
b. lard or shortening.
c. peanut oil.
d. butter.

olive oil.

5

Snacking is considered
a. an all-American food habit.
b. a primary source of fat and cholesterol.
c. a habit that ruins appetite.
d. not healthy and should not be promoted by dietitians.

an all-American food habit.

6

Expanding portion sizes in many restaurants may be closely linked to
a. expanding American waist lines.
b. healthier intake of fruits and vegetables.
c. lower sodium intake.
d. diets low in fat and high in fiber may help prevent chronic disease.

expanding American waist lines.

7

Changing one’s dietary intake after immigrating to match the new culture is known as
a. food fad.
b. acculturation.
c. dietary laws.
d. cultural diversity.

acculturation.

8

Jambalaya is a common dish eaten by those of the _____ culture.
a. Jewish
b. Cajun
c. Native American
d. African American

Cajun

9

The number of times a day a person is eating is referred to as “eating occasions” or
a. grazing.
b. meals.
c. dinner episodes.
d. snacking.

grazing.

10

Although on the decline, _____ are associated with improved dietary quality and beneficial developmental assets.
a. family meals
b. women in the workplace
c. religious dietary laws
d. fast foods

family meals

11

An increased number of American households are made up of
a. single, 1 person households.
b. nonfamily households.
c. family households.
d. non-married couples.

nonfamily households.

12

Tofu is
a. an Oriental rice product.
b. soybean curd.
c. a cheese product.
d. buttermilk curd.

soybean curd.

13

The factor that has had the greatest effect on the food patterns in the United States is
a. an increase in the number of working mothers.
b. increased nutrition information.
c. sedentary lifestyles.
d. a decline in functional illiteracy.

an increase in the number of working mothers

14

A factor that has relatively little effect on food habits is
a. food availability.
b. economics.
c. good health and nutrition.
d. personal food meaning and beliefs.

good health and nutrition.

15

Immigrants to the United States are most likely to serve traditional foods at
a. breakfast.
b. dinner.
c. meals eaten away from home.
d. special occasions and holidays.

special occasions and holidays.

16

A food that is not allowed according to Jewish (kosher) food laws is
a. pork.
b. eggs.
c. milk.
d. fish.

pork.

According to Jewish dietary law, pork and birds of prey are avoided at all times. All forms of meat are rigidly cleansed of blood.

17

When Muslims fast during the month of Ramadan
a. only liquids are allowed for the entire month.
b. hospitalized patients and pregnant women are exempt.
c. nights are often spent in special feasts.
d. only special foods are allowed during the day.

nights are often spent in special feasts.

During Ramadan, Muslins observe daily fasting, taking no food or drink from dawn to sunset. However, nights are spent in special feasts that begin with an appetizer followed by the family’s “evening breakfast.”

18

Sweet foods may be comforting because
a. the tongue tastes sweet foods more strongly than other foods.
b. they are broken down quickly in the stomach.
c. sweets appear to stimulate endorphins in the brain.
d. they are highly processed.

sweets appear to stimulate endorphins in the brain.

Certain foods, especially sweets, and other pleasurable tastes stimulate “feel good” body chemicals in the brain called endorphins that give a mild “high” or help relieve pain.

19

According to Jewish (kosher) food laws, foods that must not be eaten together include
a. chicken and noodles.
b. cheese and crackers.
c. a hamburger with cheese.
d. scrambled eggs and milk.

a hamburger with cheese.

According to Jewish (kosher) food laws, meat and milk products are not to be eaten at the same meal or prepared with the same dishes

20

Alcohol is strictly prohibited by
a. Jews.
b. Greeks.
c. African Americans.
d. Muslims.

Muslims.

21

Cajun foods are especially popular in
a. the southern United States.
b. the western United States.
c. Asian countries.
d. Puerto Rico.

the southern United States.

22

Current trends in eating habits in the United States include
a. more meals and fewer snacks.
b. fewer meals and more snacks.
c. more home-cooked meals.
d. more use of canned foods.

fewer meals and more snacks.

23

Snacking is
a. generally unhealthy.
b. a way to provide missing nutrients if carefully planned.
c. more expensive than eating only meals.
d. an essential part of a good diet.

a way to provide missing nutrients if carefully planned.

24

Soy sauce, ginger, almonds, and sesame seeds are basic seasonings for _____ food.
a. Japanese
b. Chinese
c. Mexican
d. Native American

Chinese

25

Food neophobia is fear of eating
a. unfamiliar foods.
b. foods in new situations.
c. undercooked meat.
d. processed foods.

unfamiliar foods.

26

A seafood that is avoided according to Jewish dietary laws is
a. salmon.
b. shrimp.
c. orange roughy.
d. trout.

shrimp.

27

A Muslim dish that is a salad made from soaked bulgur combined with chopped tomatoes, parsley, mint, and green onion and mixed with olive oil and lemon juice is
a. pita.
b. kibbeh.
c. falafel.
d. tabouli.

tabouli.

28

A staple food found in the Native American diet is
a. collard greens.
b. apples.
c. corn.
d. trout.

corn.

29

A common vegetable found in the African American diet is
a. cacti.
b. artichokes.
c. collard greens.
d. eggplant.

collard greens.