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Flashcards in Management of chronic pain Deck (10):
1

causes of pain after injury

peripheral sensitisation
central sensitisation

2

what is peripheral sensitisation

reduction in threshold of peripheral afferent nociceptors

3

what is central sensitisation

increased excitability of spinal neurons

4

what is chronic regional pain syndrome CRPS

poorly understood, rare condition
usually affects 1 limb
triggered by an injury

5

features of CRPS

allodynia
hyperalgesia
swelling
blue, white, red
hair and nail changes
osteopaenia

6

what is chronic post surgical pain

pain >3months post surgery

7

what is nociceptive pain

pain from injury is relayed through normal nervous system

8

what is neuropathic pain

pain generated within the nervous system

9

causes of neuropathic pain

shingles
surgery
trauma
diabetic neuropathy
amputation
idiopathic

10

management of neuropathic pain

tricyclic antidepressants
anticonvulsants