Tumours Flashcards Preview

Neurology > Tumours > Flashcards

Flashcards in Tumours Deck (37):
1

What is the most common brain tumour

metastases

2

What is a grade 1 astrocytoma called

pilocytic astrocytoma

3

Who gets pilocytic astrocytomas

kids and young adults

4

pilocytic astrocytomas are benign/malignant

benign

5

With which brain tumour is neurofibromatosis 1 associated

grade 1 pilocytic astrocytoma

6

what is the management of grade 1 brain tumours

surgical resection is curative

7

what is a grade 2 astrocytoma called

fibrillary astrocytoma

8

grade 2 brain tumour is low/high grade, benign/malignant

low grade
malignant

9

grade 2 fibrillary astrocytoma can dedeifferentiate into a high grade malignancy, true or false

true

10

radiotherapy is never given to under 3 year olds, true or false

true

11

grade 2 astrocytomas can be cured, true or false

false
tumour will inevitably return, it is just a question of when

12

what is a grade 3 astrocytoma called

anaplastic astrocytoma

13

which age group is affected by anaplastic astrocytomas

30-50 y/o

14

what is a grade 4 astrocytoma called

glioblastoma multiforme

15

what is the most common primary brain tumour in 60-75 year olds

glioblastoma multiforme

16

what are the management options for brain tumours

surgery
chemotherapy: temozolamide, procarbazine, vincristine, carmustine
radiotherapy
immunotherapy

17

what are side effects of brain radiotherapy

drops IQ
hair loss
skin thinning

18

what do oligodendrocytomas arise from

oligodendrocytes

19

How do patients with oligodendrocytomas present

seizures

20

how do children with oligodendrocytomas present

vomiting and headaches
tiptoe walking

21

buzzwords for oligodendrocytomas

greyish pink
toothpaste like

22

what cells do meningiomas arise from

arachnoid cap cells

23

what bodies are found in meningiomas

psammoma bodies

24

meningiomas are benign/malignant

benign

25

how can meningiomas present

asymptomatic - incidental
headaches
seizures
CN palsies

26

describe radiation induced meningioma

meningioma found in midline after radiotherapy treatment in childhood

27

what is pre operative embolisation

embolisation of a vascular tumour before operating

28

what is the management of small meningiomas

conservative

29

meningiomas and pregnancy?

they grow due to oestrogen

30

what does surgical resection of meningiomas involve

removal of the tumour and associated dura mater to decrease chance of recurrence

31

example of malignant nerve sheath tumour

acoustic neuroma / vestibular schwannoma

32

what tumour is neurofibromatosis 2 associated with

vestibular schwannomas (esp bilaterally)

33

what sign in seen on imaging with acoustic neuromas

ice cream cone sign on MRI

34

What syndrome can pineal tumours cause

Parinauds syndrome
upward gaze palsy
pupillary light near dissociation
conversion retraction nystagmus

35

what can pineal tumours compress

extra ocular muscles

36

what should be suspected if there is a midline tumour in a child

germ cell tumours

37

what is the most important examination to do if a brain tumour is suspected

fundoscopy