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MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Microbiology Comprehensive Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Microbiology Comprehensive Exam Deck (135)
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1

The comma-shaped bacterium:

Vibrio

2

What kind of immunity is given by vaccination?

Artificial active acquired

3

Clostridium species require which condition:

Anaerobic

4

The protein components of invaders that the body recognizes as foreign:

Antigens

5

The protein that is produced by the body to combat viruses:

Interferon

6

In a dead body, clostridium perfringens causes:

Tissue gas

7

Because bacteria lack a membrane-bound nucleus, the _____ is immersed in the _____.

* Nuclear material
* Cytoplasm

8

Clostridium botulinum

Botulism

9

Variola

Smallpox

10

Vibrio cholerae

Asiatic cholera

11

Herpes simplex I

Cold sores

12

Rubella

German Measles

13

An example of a vector would be a:

Insect

14

Streptococcus pyogenes

* Scarlet Fever
* Rheumatic Fever

15

Salmonella enteritidis

Salmonellosis

16

Yersinis pestis

The plague

17

Clostridium perfringens

* Tissue gas
* Gas gangrene

18

Treponema pallidium

Syphilis

19

The study of the structure and shape and form of an organism is called:

Morphology

20

This is formed by certain bacteria such as Bacillus anthracis in adverse conditions. It is extremely durable, and it may last for centuries before germination:

* Spore
* Endospore

21

The function of a slime layer or mucoid capsule:

Protection against adverse conditions, including drying

22

An organism that prefers oxygen, but that can survive without:

Facultative anaerobe

23

A microorganism that causes a disease is a:

Pathogen

24

Pathogenic bacteria thrive at which Celsius degree?

37

25

Occurs only as an occasional case

Sporadic

26

Spreads to more than one country

Pandemic

27

Rapid onset and short course

Acute infection

28

Strength of the pathogen

Virulence

29

The smallest unit in which a living organism can survive independently is:

Cell

30

A bacterium that absolutely requires oxygen for survival:

Obligate aerobe

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