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MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Pathology Comprehensive Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathology Comprehensive Exam Deck (105)
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1

Which one of these is not a post-mortem condition following death from a malignant neoplasm:

* Weight gain
* Emaciation
* Deformity
* Hemorrhage
* Discoloration

Weight gain

2

Growths that project on stalks from mucous membranes:

Polyps

3

Which gland(s) secrete a hormone which regulates the calcium levels of the body:

Thyroid

4

Acute or chronic inflammation of the stomach is called:

Gastritis

5

The cardinal sign(s) of inflammation:

* Heat
* Pain
* Swelling
* Redness

6

A stroke is also known as a:

Cerebrovascular accident

7

The causes of this condition are not well known, but there is a uniform enlargement of the thyroid gland and increased secretion of thyroxine and is termed:

Grave's Disease

8

A collection of edematous fluid in the abdominal cavity is called:

Asites

9

An increased accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain:

Hydrocephalus

10

An infection of the heart valves during Rheumatic Fever is one caused:

Mitral stenosis

11

A condition in which the oxygen-carrying pigment Hemoglobin is below normal

Anemia

12

This inflammatory condition which affects the membrane that covers the CNS and is caused by a bacteria is:

Meningitis

13

Purple or reddish spots of discoloration caused by bleeding under the skin. Most common in the elderly:

Purpura

14

A malignant neoplasm of the nervous system:

Glioma

15

Increased production of red blood cells by the bone marrow:

* Erythrocytosis
* Polycythemia vera

16

Addison's Disease results from a deficiency of _____ hormones:

Adrenocortical

17

This is an area of purplish discoloration and is sometimes referred to as "black and blue":

Ecchymosis

18

This chronic disease is generally a non-killing degeneration of the brain causing severe disability:

Parkinson's Disease

19

A chronic disease of the nervous system characterized by patches of demyelination and by remission and relapse is:

Multiple sclerosis

20

Enlargement of an organ due to an increase in size of constituent cells:

Hypertrophy

21

A hyperplastic response of the thyroid tissue to a deficiency in iodine, which is an important component of thyroxine and will cause:

Goiter

22

Acquired cretinism:

Myxedema

23

This is a congenital disease which results from an inutero developmental defect, it effects the motor system of the brain:

Cerebral palsy

24

Swelling filled with blood and resembling a tumor is called:

Hematoma

25

The loss of cerebral control after a head injury without any obvious signs of an inorganic lesion is a:

Concussion

26

Inflammation of the testes is called:

Orchitis

27

A type of disease that runs a slow course, rather mild as to symptoms, and may last for weeks, months, and years is called:

Chronic

28

The prediction of the probable outcome of a disease is called the:

Prognosis

29

Inflammation of the gallbladder:

Cholecystitis

30

Masses of tortuous veins in the anorectum area:

Hemorrhoids

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