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Flashcards in Neuro 1.1 Gross anatomy Deck (54)
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31

what is dysphagia?

difficulty swallowing

32

What is dysarthria?

Unclear articulation of speech

33

what is dysphonia?

difficulty speaking due to disorder of muscles or vocal cords

34

What is dysdiadochokinesis?

Impaired ability to perform rapid alternating movements

35

What is dyslexia?

Disturbed reading

36

What is hypertonia?

Increased tone of muscles

37

What is hyporeflexia?

reduced reflexes

38

What is paraplegia?

Impairment in motor or sensory function in lower limb

39

What is hemiplegia?

Paralysis on one side of the body

40

What is quadriplegia?

Paralysis of all limbs and torso

41

What is ophthalmoplegia?

Paralysis of muscles of eye

42

What is paresis?

Weakness of voluntary movement

43

What is hemiparesis?

Weakness of entire left or right side of body

44

What is palsy?

Paralysis accompanied by loss of feeling and weakness

45

What is chorea?

Involuntary movements of muscles esp shoulders, hip and face

46

What is spacticity?

 Combo of paralysis, increased tendon reflex and hypertonia

Unidirectional. Velocity dependent

47

What is rigidity?

AKA hypokinesia

Partial or complete loss of muscle movement

Bidirectional. Not velocity dependent

48

What is anencephaly and how does it arise?

Absence of major part of brain due to failure of anterior end of neural tube to close

49

What condition arises if too much CSF accumulates in vesicles of brain? How is this condition treated?

Hydrocephalus

Surgey places a shunt in the vesicles of the brain that redirects excess CSF into other body cavities

50

51

If blood forms between these layers, what is it called and what type of blood is it:

a) Skull and periosteal layer of dura

b) Meningeal layer of dura and arachnoid mater

c) within subarachnoid space

a) extradural haematoma - arterial

b) subdural hameatoma - venous

c) subarachnoid haematoma - arterial

52

What is CSF rhinorrhoea

fracture of frontal sinus or cribiform plate resulting in CSF leaking through the nose. Brain open to infection

53

Describe the composition of CSF compared to blood

Higher na, mg, and cl

Lower glucose, calcium, K, white cells

54