Shell (CS)- example of unequal power relations in the global system Flashcards Preview

Geography-- Global Systems and Governance > Shell (CS)- example of unequal power relations in the global system > Flashcards

Flashcards in Shell (CS)- example of unequal power relations in the global system Deck (24)
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1

where is shell's headquarters

the Hague in the Netherlands

2

why is it beneficial for Shell to have its headquarters in Europe

have access to free/reduced trade tariffs
provides access to large European oil market

3

how many countries does shell operate in

85

4

examples of countries shell is in

south America, UK, Africa, India, Australia

5

shell operates in every continent bar...

Antarctica

6

how does shell operating in so many countries show its global dominance

it operates in several global systems and trade blocs- so can exert its influence

7

how many people does shell employ

92,000

8

how many barrels of oil does shell produce per day

3.2 million

9

where is Africa's largest oil exporter

Nigeria

10

how much of Nigerian revenue comes from shell

75%

11

how much has shell spent investing in lower income countries (and thus improving the standard of living for people there)

$12 billion

12

when was the shell foundation launched

2000

13

what is the purpose of the shell foundation and how much money was put into it

$30 million put into it
help fund sustainability and biodiversity and help local communities

14

how does shell contribute to the Nigerian economy (generally)

pays taxes and royalties to the government

15

shell companies have to pay royalties to what in Nigeria

a regional development agency - the Niger Delta Development Commission- to develop the Niger Delta

16

how much did shell pay in taxes to the Nigerian government between 2006 and 2010

$31 billion

17

how many people does shell employ in Nigeria and what percentage of these are Nigerian

over 6000 people
90% Nigerian

18

what percentage of Nigerians live in extreme poverty

68%

19

where in Nigeria is there the largest inequality between oil wealth and economic development

niger delta

20

key facts about inequality in the niger delta

oil sales in this area account for 70% of government income but the 31 million inhabitants have amongst the worst access to electricity, healthcare and clean drinking water in Nigeria

21

example of a human rights issue caused by shell in Nigeria (in depth)

ken saro-wiwa organised locals into the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People who used non violent protest methods against the power of shell
members were attacked, killed and mutilated
went to trial with government and saro-wiwa and 8 other protestors were hung in 1995
there is still an on going human rights case over this

22

in 2011 a UN report said the Ogoniland region could take how many years to fully recover from the damage caused by years of oil spill

30 years

23

in 2015 shell agreed a settlement of how much for two massive oil spills in 2008 and 2009

£55 million

24

why are Nigeria and shell co-dependent

Nigeria needs shell's money
shell needs Nigeria's oil