TNCs (Apple example) Flashcards Preview

Geography-- Global Systems and Governance > TNCs (Apple example) > Flashcards

Flashcards in TNCs (Apple example) Deck (23)
Loading flashcards...
1

when was apple founded

1976

2

where did apple move its European HQ to

Cork in Ireland

3

how many people does apple employ in iMac production in Cork

4,000 workers directly into iMac production and call centre (is Cork's largest private employer)

4

why did Apple move to Ireland

low corporation tax (12.5%- second lowest in the EU)

5

positives of apple's involvement in Ireland for Ireland

attracted other high-tech firms to the area
attracted a highly skilled workforce
company has contributed to infrastructure improvements in Cork
enhanced Ireland's reputation

6

what has apple been accused of not doing in Ireland

creating sufficient work for local people
no product association with Ireland

7

what percentage of employees are irish in the irish apple factory

60%- causes tension as migrants put pressure of services and housing infrastructure

8

why are iMac's made in Ireland

they are expensive to ship so cheaper to make it close to the marketplace
low corporation tax

9

how many people does apple DIRECTLY employ in china

over 40,000 jobs

10

benefits of apple being in china for china

brought in investment
employees earn $200 a month (above average)
receive education and training

11

example of terrible working conditions at Foxconn in China

in 2010 50 workers were poisoned by a toxic chemical used to clean iPad screens
by the end of 2010 14 suicides had occurred largely as a consequence of severe working conditions

12

how many people work at Foxconn

200,000

13

what percentage of apple's market is in the USA

44%

14

what percentage of apple staff in the USA are being paid above the average wage for the USA

26%

15

benefits of apple in the USA for the USA

thousands of highly skilled staff (r and d)
leaders of high tech industry - attracting investment
employ young staff

16

where is apple's marketing strategy based

online - there are no tv adverts directly from Apple (the retailers and phone companies pay for the TV adverts)

17

how many stores does apple have and how many countries are they in

has over 450 retail stores in 16 countries

18

environmental issues caused by apple

it relies on non-renewable resources
factories in china were discharging pollutants and toxic metals into local water supplies
lack of recyclability of many apple products

19

what has apple done to reduce its environmental impact (3 ways)

now uses 75% renewable energy
invested in large solar farms to power its data centres
started to promote the recycling of its products

20

what percentage of TNCs are based in MEDCs

90%

21

examples of places TNCs are based in

USA, France, Germany, the UK and Japan

22

why are the overseas branches of TNCs in LEDCs

production costs are cheaper
financial incentives such as lower tax
fewer environmental restrictions

23

TNCs also have branches in other MEDCs, often choosing areas with:

a suitable workforce
cheap land
well developed transport facilities
high unemployment- available work supply