The Global Coffee Trade (Fairtrade) Flashcards Preview

Geography-- Global Systems and Governance > The Global Coffee Trade (Fairtrade) > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Global Coffee Trade (Fairtrade) Deck (22)
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1

how can fairtrade enable community development in LIC nations

alongside the fairtrade minimum, buyers also pay a fairtrade premium - this goes straight to the community to help them develop
can afford education
people can come together in co-operatives so no one benefits more than another

2

the fairtrade premium leads to the .... effect as farmers have more disposable income

multiplier

3

what does fairtrade in NEEs allow consumers to become

more ethical and buy goods in a better way

4

what does kuapa kokoo do

teaches farmers how to farm in more effective ways, also provide more infrastructure and services
allows them to apply for low interest loans when times are hard

5

aims of fair trade

achieve better trading conditions and promote sustainability

6

examples of fair trade goods

coffee, tea, cocoa and bananas

7

fair trade focusses on

trade among individuals

8

fair trade primarily benefits

workers (vulnerable farmers in LICs)

9

criticisms of fair trade

excludes workers not in fair trade agreement
some companies may not have it as it is too expensive
interferes with free market
impact on too small a scale

10

fair trade supply chain

fewer parties
more direct chain

11

key advocate organisation for fair trade

world fair trade organisation

12

how much is the global coffee market worth

$42.5 billion

13

how many producers worldwide rely on the coffee trade

25 million

14

in the US how many cups of coffee are consumed per year

66 billion

15

what percentage of coffee is grown in Columbia

15%

16

the global coffee trade is...

increasing

17

what is relationship coffee

where there is a relationship between the farmer and buyer- consumers know where the coffee was grown and why by (emotional attachment to product)

18

what type of economy is Honduras

a single product economy (reliant on coffee)- interdependence

19

in 2009 what percentage of the world's coffee beans are grown in brazil

33%

20

how many countries across the world grow coffee

49

21

top 5 coffee consuming nations

US
Germany
Japan
Italy
France

22

what percentage of coffee is now gourmet

40%