Abdominal Viscera Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Radiology Test 2 > Abdominal Viscera > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdominal Viscera Deck (87)
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1

GI tract extends from

Mouth to anus

2

Right lobe of liver

Right of falciform ligament

3

Left lobe of liver

Left of falciform

4

Quarate lobe

Visceral surface between gall bladder and falciform

5

Caudate lobe

Visceral between IVC and falciform

6

Functional lobes based on

Branching of proper hepatic duct into R and L hepatic duct

7

left lobe includes

Left anatomical, quadrate, and caudate

8

Right lobe includes

Right anatomical

9

Liver lies in which planes?

Right lateral, epigastric, left/right hypochondriac

10

Porta hepatis

Entrance/exit on inferior side for hepatic portal vein, proper hepatic artery, hepatic duct

11

Coronary ligaments

Lines of reflection of visceral peritoneum onto diaphragm define bare area

12

Falciform ligament

Middle fusion of R and L coronary ligaments on anterior surface
Remnants of ventral mesentary

13

Ligamentum teres hepatis

Inferior free edge of falciform lig...obliterated umbilical vein

14

Bare area

Portion of the liver not covered in visceral peritoneum bc fused to diaphragm

15

Glissons capsule

Collagenous capsule covering extenral surface of liver...exposed in bare area (infection)

16

Trainagular ligament

Fucsion of anterior and posterior coronary ligaments

17

Recess between kidney and liver

Hepatorenal recess (Morison's pouch)

18

Spleen function

WBC proliferation, immune surveillance, blood reservoir

19

Damage to spleen

Protected by 9th and 10th ribs ...left upper quadrant blow
Will bleed

20

Order that food passes through tract

Esophagus
Stomach
Duodenum
Jejunm
Ileum
Ascending colon
Transverse colon
Descending colon
Sigmoid colon
Rectum

21

Esophagus passes into abdomen at what level and accompanied by whtat?

Posterior vagal trunks (from R vagus nerve)
T9-T10

22

Gastroesophagial junction

In cardiac region whenre esophagus joins stomach

23

Hiatal hernia

Movement of cardiac portion of stomach into thorax

24

Rugae

Folds of mucosa in stomach

25

Stomach covered by

Peritoneum

26

Anterior/superior to stomach

Anterior abdominal wall
Left costal margin
Diaphragm

27

Left of stomach

Spleen (sep by peritoneum)

28

Right of stomach

Quadrate and left lobes of liver

29

POsterior to stomach

All sep by peritoneum
Diaphragm
Left suprarenal gland
Upper pole of left kidney
Pancreas
Left colic flexure

30

Peptic ulcer

Result in breach of mucusal lining of GI and consequence of high pH stomach acid