Posterior Abdominal Wall Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Radiology Test 2 > Posterior Abdominal Wall > Flashcards

Flashcards in Posterior Abdominal Wall Deck (67)
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1

Retroperitoneal structures

Located posterior to parietal peritoenum along dorsal body wall
2nd and 3rd part of duodenum
Ascending and descending colon
Pancreas
Kidneys
Mahor blood vessels

2

Renal cortex

Out portion of kidneys that contains glomeruli for filtration

3

Renal columns

Portions of renal cortex extending deep between renal medulla

4

Renal medulla

Inner portion of kidney composed of masses of tissue
Renal pyramids

5

Renal pyramids

Contain tubules ducts for water resorption

6

Renal papillae

Apex of renal pyramids
Extend into the first of excretory apparatus

7

First of the excretory apparati

Minor calyx

8

Minor calyx

Recevies urine from one renal papilla
Forms major calyx

9

Major calyx

Unites to form renal pelvis

10

Renal pelivs

Drainage from major calyx
Continues as a ureter

11

Renal sinus

Central cavity containing collecting structure, fat, vessels, and lymphatics

12

Ureter points of constriction

Narrowing of pelvis to ureter
Where ureter crosses common iliac artery bifurcation before bending to pelvis
Penetration of bladder wall

13

Ureters cross anterior to

Bifurctation of common iliac and into external and internal iliac

14

Blood supply of ureters

Segmentally from renal and vesical arteries

15

Kidney stones

Solids in kidneys

16

Kidney stone symptoms

Flank, lower ab and groin pain, blood in urine

17

Treatment of kidney stones

Left alone
Ureteroscopy/keyhole incision

18

Contributing to kidney stone

Family
Age (40+)
Male
Dehydration
Diet (protein, sugar, sodium)
Obesity

19

Right kideny vs left kideny

Right is more inferior and more susceptible to injury because less protected

20

Kidneys extend from

11/12 rib to L3

21

Kidneys covered in

Fibrous capusle and perirenal fat/fascia
Peritoneum covers anterior

22

Suprarenal (adrenal) glands location

Located superior to kidneys

23

Outer cortex vs medulla of adrenal glands

Outer - steroid hormones
Inner - epinephrine/norepinephrine

24

Path of blood through kidneys

Renal ---- segmental ----- interlobar------arcuate-----interlobular------affarent arteriole

25

Semgental arteries divide to what and where to they go

Interlobar that ascend in renal columns to corticomedullary junction

26

Arcuate artery bath

Over base of renal pyramids

27

Interlobular artery path

Ascend to overlying cortex

28

Affarent arterioles supply

Each glomerulus

29

Shape of right and left adrenal glands

Left - semilunar
Right - pyramidal

30

Blood supply of adrenal glands

Inferior phrenic, renal arteries, aorta