Examination of the Chest Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Radiology Test 2 > Examination of the Chest > Flashcards

Flashcards in Examination of the Chest Deck (34)
1

Which ribs articulate with sternum?

1-7

2

Which ribs articulate with costal cartilage?

8-10

3

Which ribs floating

11-12

4

Which lines on front?

Midsternal
Midclavicle
Anterior axilary

5

Which lines on back?

Vertebral
Scapular

6

Horizontal fissure runs from

4th rib to 5th rib midaxillary

7

Clubbed fingers sign of

Pulmonary disease

8

hyperresonance indicates

air...emphysema or pneumothorax

9

Dullness indiates

Possible pneumonia, effusion, atelectasis, or tumor

10

Tactile fremitus is solid in the lung will

Increase

11

Pleural friction fremitis if

Pleura is rubbing together

12

Decreased tactile fremitus from

Pneumothorax

13

Vesicular breath sounds - duration, intensity, pitch, location

Inspiration>exp
Softer
Low
Lung fields

14

Bronchovesicular - duration, intensity, pitch, location

Inspiration = exp
Intermediate
Intermediate
Between 1st and 2nd spaces anteriorly and between scap

15

Bronchial - duration, intensity, pitch, location

Inspiration

16

Tracheal - duration, intensity, pitch, location

Inspiration = expiration
Very loud
Relatively high
Sternal notch

17

Continuous sounds

Wheezes
Rhonchi

18

Discontinuous sounds

crackles

19

Stridor

Inspiratory
High pitched
Continuous

20

Wheezes

Expiratory
Continuous
Sign of narrow airways
High pitched and musical

21

Rhonchi

Expiratory
Continuous rattle
Fluid in airways
Low pitched

22

Crackles

Short, popping, sudden inflation of alveoli

23

Early crackles

Crackles in consolidation

24

Fine crackles

In rheumatoid lung dz

25

Pleural friction rub

Grating, leathery

26

Bronchophony

Voice sounds are increased and clearly
Hear similar to bronchial sounds

27

Wgispered pectoriloquy

Can hear words whispered through the stethoscope
Hear similar to bronchial sounds

28

Egophony

EEEEE sounds becomes AAAAA sound

29

Normal - trachea, percussion note, breath sounds, tactile fremitus, adventitial sounds

Midline
Resonant
Bronchial, bronchovesicular, vesicular
Normal
None

30

Obstructive lung dz - trachea, percussion note, breath sounds, tactile fremitus, adventitial sounds

Midline
Resonant/hyperresonant
Normal/distant
Normal/decreased
Wheezing

31

Lobar consolidation - trachea, percussion note, breath sounds, tactile fremitus, adventitial sounds

To involved side
Dull over involved side
Bronchial over involved site
Increased
Late inspiratory crackels

32

Pleural effusion - trachea, percussion note, breath sounds, tactile fremitus, adventitial sounds

From involved side
Dull to flat over fluid
Decreased to absent
Decreased
None (pleural rub)

33

Pneumothorax - trachea, percussion note, breath sounds, tactile fremitus, adventitial sounds

To involved isde
Hyperresonant, tympanitic over pleural air
Decreased to absent
Decreased
None (pleural rub)

34

Which side of stethoscope for posterior chest auscultation?

Diaphragm