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Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (29)
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1

Pulmonary stenosis, VSD, R ventricle hypertrophy, over-riding aorta

Fallot's tetralogy

2

Chorea, carditis, polyarthritis, subcutaneous nodules and skin rash

Jones criteria

3

Aschoff bodies and MacCallum's patch in the left atrium

Rheumatic fever

4

Libman Sacks endocarditis aka verrucous endocarditis

SLE

5

Treponema pallidum; results in aortic aneurysm, angina and aortitis

Tertiary syphilis

6

clot in an atherosclerotic vessel

thrombus

7

transverse white streaks in an arterial thrombus

Lines of Zahn

8

broken piece of a clot that travels elsewhere

embolus

9

vessel disease resulting from loss of elasticity and contractility

arterioslcerosis

10

vessel disease characterized by sub-intimal lipid + calcium deposits

atherosclerosis

11

angina that occurs at rest; may be caused by coronary vasospasm

prinzmetal angina

12

most common artery affected by coronary atherosclerosis

LAD artery

13

localized dilation of an artery affecting al three layers of the vessel

aneurysm

14

may be associated with dissection thoracic aneurysm

Marfan's syndrome

15

common site for berry aneurysm; adult polycystic kidney disease

Circle of Willis

16

Elevated BP > 140/90 on 3 separate occasions or more

HTN

17

95% of HTN

Essential HTN

18

HTN caused by Cushing, hyperthyroidism and pheochromocytoma

secondary HTN

19

rapidly progressing HTN with severe vascular damage

Malignant HTN

20

myocardial disease caused by alcohol, viral infection, pregnancy

cardiomyopathy

21

type of claudication seen in Peripheral Arterial Disease

intermittent

22

Hypotension, distant heart sounds, high JVP

Beck's triad

23

vessel damage, venous stasis and hypercoagulability

Virchow's triad

24

seen in young male smokers; affects medium size arteries

Buerger's disease

25

affects the aorta causing loss of peripheral pulses

Takayasu's disease

26

benign vascular tumor; corduroy cloth or sand dollar appearance

Hemangioma

27

type of arteritis associated in very high ESR and seen in elderly

temporal arteritis

28

virus type causing Kaposi sarcoma in AIDS patients

HHV type 8

29

type lV hypersensitivity reaction affecting medium-size arteries

polyarteritis nodosa