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Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (39)
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1

excessive generalized bone and tissue growth before 18 years

gigantism

2

overgrowth of tissue and bone after the age of 18 years

acromegaly

3

protruding/lantern jaw, large spade-like hands, visual disturbance

acromegaly

4

excess ACTH due to functioning pituitary adenoma

Cushing disease

5

moon-face, buffalo hump, obesity and purple striae on the abdomen

Cushing disease

6

growth hormone deficiency in children

pituitary dwarfism

7

ischemic necrosis of pituitary gland after pospartum hemorrhange

Sheehan's syndrome

8

Amenorrhea, no lactation and loss of axillary hair after delivery

Sheehan's syndrome

9

amenorrhea, galactorrhea, and infertility

prolactinoma

10

polyuria, polydypsia but no polyphagia after head injury

diabetes insipidus

11

low thyroid levels in infancy with mental retardation

cretinism

12

low thyroid levels in adult, slow to relax reflexes and old interolerance

hypothyroidism

13

commonest cause of hypothyroidism in US

Hashimoto's disease

14

polyuria, constant urinary specific gravity in spite of dehydration

diabetes insipidus

15

high TSH, low T3 and T4

primary hypothyroidism

16

low TSH, low T3 and T4

secondary hypothyroidism

17

anti-thyroglobulin antibodies, goiter and hypothyroidism

Hashimoto's disease

18

bulging eyes, heat intolerance, increase appetite but weight loss

hyperthyroidism

19

hyperthyroidism with TSH antibodies

Grave's disease

20

hyperthryoidism with multiple nodular goiter

Plummer's disease

21

high TSH with elevated T3 and T4

secondary hyperthyroidism

22

Low TSH with raised T3 and T4

primary hyperthyroidism

23

fatigue, brown bone cysts and hypercalcemia

hyperparathyroidism

24

tetany, muscle spasm and a positive Chvosteck sign

hypoparathyroidism

25

tapping the facial nerve in front of the ear causes the face to twitch

Chvosteck test

26

hyperpigmented skin creases, low BP, low NA and high K

Addison's disease

27

Low K, low rennin, high BP and metabolic alkalosis

Conn's disease

28

moon face, truncal obesity, purple abdominal striae

Cushing's syndrome

29

most common adrenal tumor in children

neuroblastoma

30

10% tumor, palpitations, sweating, headaches, hypertension

pheochromocytoma