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Flashcards in Genitourinary Deck (31)
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1

post-streptococcal hematuria and HTN in a child

glomerulonephritis

2

red blood cell casts

glomerulonephritis

3

edema seen in glomerulonephritis

high hydrostatic pressure

4

raised hydrostatic pressure in glomerulonephritis is related to

raised BP

5

specific tissue damaged in the kidney in glomerulonephritis

glomerulus

6

minimal change kidney damage with massive proteinuria

nephrotic syndrome

7

pressure is related to protein concentration in blood

oncotic pressure

8

specific tissue damaged in nephrotic syndrome; causes hypoproteinemia

basement membrane

9

fever, chills, costovertebral angle tenderness, white blood cell casts

pyelonephritis

10

nodular sclerosis of the kidney in a diabetic

Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease

11

m/c bacterial cause of pyelonephritis

Escherichia coli (E. coli)

12

dysuria, increased frequency, bacteria and nitrites in urine

urinary tract infection

13

dysuria, increased frequency, no bacteria or nitrites in urine

interstitial cystitis

14

hallmark finding in the bladder in interstitial cystitis

Hunner's ulcers

15

m/c malignant kidney tumor in children

Wilms tumor

16

alternate name for Wilms tumor

nephroblastoma

17

m/c malignant renal tumor in adults

Grawitz tumor

18

alternate name for Grawitz tumor

Renal cell carcinoma

19

causes b/l renal enlargement in adults

Polycystic Kidney Disease

20

commonly associated with Adult Polycystic Disease of the Kidney

Berry aneurysm

21

common site for berry aneurysm

circle of Willis

22

type of inheritance for Adult Polycystic Disease of the Kidney

autosomal dominant

23

autoimmune disease causing hemoptysis and hematuria

Goodpasture's syndrome

24

antibodies in Goodpasture's syndrome are against...

Type lV collagen fibers

25

severe sudden onset of loin to groin pain with hematuria

renal calculi (stones)

26

m/c type of renal stones

calcium oxalate

27

% of kidney stones that are radioopaque

85%

28

other causes of renal stones

struvite (ammonium magnesium phosphate), cysteine and uric acid

29

soft boggy tender prostate

prostatitis (E coli)

30

enlarged non-tender prostate

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia