Neurological Flashcards Preview

Boards - Pathology > Neurological > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neurological Deck (46)
Loading flashcards...
1

Folic acid deficiency in 1st trimester, faun's beard and lumbar dimple

spina bifida

2

defective neural tube with herniation of meninges through the defect

meningocele

3

herniation of meninges and defective spinal cord through the defect

meningomyelocele

4

cerebellar tonsil herniation associated with syringomyelia

Arnold-Chiari malformaiton 1

5

cerebellar vermis herniation associated with hydrocephalus

Arnold-Chiari malformaiton 2

6

cystic dilation of 4th ventricle and non-communicating hydrocephalus

Dandy Walker syndrome

7

torn meningeal artery, head trauma in young adults

epidural hematoma

8

torn bridging vein, head trauma in the elderly

subdural hematoma

9

ruptured berry aneurysm in 30-40 year old adults

subarachnoid hemorrhage

10

ruptured or occluded cerebral artery seen in older people

cerebrovascular accident

11

bacterial or viral infection of the meninges

meningitis

12

prion-related disease spread by eating the brains of dead relatives

Kuru

13

transplacental spread with notches incisors, blindness and deafness

congenital syphyilis

14

damage due to endarteritis obliterans of arteries to CNS and CVS

tertiary syphyilis

15

neurofibrillary tangles, amyloid plaques and Hirano bodies

Alzheimer's disease

16

deficient dopamine, Lewy bodies, tremors at rest, festinating gait

Parkinson's

17

autosomal dominant chromosome 4 defect causing chorea, dementia

Huntington's disease

18

destruction of the lateral columns and ventral horns of the spinal cord

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

19

autoimmune destruction around the brain ventricles and spinal cord

multiple sclerosis

20

damage to dorsal and lateral columns of the spinal cord, vitamin B12 def

posterolateral sclerosis

21

m/c primary malignant brain tumor, worse prognosis

glioblastoma multiforme

22

benign tumor arising from the arachnoid cells of the dura

meningioma

23

may be part of type 2 neurofibromatosis, deafness and facial palsy

acoustic neuroma

24

metastatic brain tumor sources

breast, renal, enteric, airway, skin and tumors elsewhere

25

microcephaly, indistinct philtrum and maxillary hypoplasia

fetal alcohol poisoning

26

anemia, basophilic stippling, constipation, difficult behavior, emesis

lead poisoning

27

cherry red skin and headaches after inhalation of carbon monoxide

carbon monoxide poisoning

28

mercury poisoning due to eating fish with excess mercury

minamata disease

29

traction injury of C5 and C6 spinal nerve roots, waiter's tip

Erb-Duchene's palsy

30

traction injury of C8 and T1 spinal nerve roots, claw hand

Klumpke's palsy