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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (41)
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1

severe calorie def

marasmus

2

severe protein def

kwashiorkor

3

vit B1 (thiamine) def

beriberi

4

B1 def with peripheral neuropathy, foot drop

dry beriberi

5

B1 def with heart failure, swollen ank.es, and tachycardia

wet beriberi

6

B1 def causing confusion, confabulation, and coma in alcoholics

Wernicke-Korsakoff synd

7

cheilosis (cracked lips), glossitis, and seborrheic dermatitis

B2 def (hyporiboflavinosis)

8

pellagra (4 D's)

B3 (niacin) def

9

4 D's of pellagra

Diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, and Death

10

V-shaped dermatitis on chest (Casal's necklace)

B3 (niacin) def
(pellagra)

11

neural tube defect (spina bifida) and megalobastic anemia

B9 (folic acid) def

12

fatigue and beef-red tongue

megalobastic anemia

13

pernicious anemia

B12 def

14

lack of intrinsic factor from parietal cells

pernicious anemia

15

causes of pernicious anemia

dietary def or poor absorption (terminal ileum dz)

16

causes macrocytic normochromic anemia and spinal cord degen

B12 def

17

fatigue, ataxia, upper motor neuron signs, urinary, and fecal incontinence

B12 def

18

inability to hydroxylate proline and lysine residues in collagen (weak capillaries)

Vit C def

19

bleeding/swollen gums, loose teeth, poor healing, and impaired bone formation

scurvy

20

nyctalopia

night blindness

21

xeropthalmia

dry eyes

22

keratomalacia

soft cornea

23

nyctalopia, xeropthalmia, keratomalacia

Vit A def

24

rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults

Vit D def

25

soft bones with bowed legs, rachitic rosary, and pectus carinatum

rickets

26

loosers zones

osteomalacia

27

RBC destruction and fatigue

hemolytic anemia

28

hemolytic anemia

Vit E def

29

abnormal umbilical bleeding

hemorrhagic disease of newborn

30

hemorrhagic disease of newborn

Vit K def