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Flashcards in Gastrointestinal Deck (41)
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1

failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax, regurgitation

achalasia

2

protrusion of part of the stomach into the thorax

hiatal hernia

3

acid regurgitation causing inflammation of lower esophagus

GERD

4

hematemesis caused by dilated esophageal veins in cirrhosis

esophageal varices

5

premalignant change in lower esophagus due to chronic GERD

Barrett's esophagus

6

most common type of esophageal cancer

squamous cell carcinoma

7

cancer that develops from Barrett's esophagus

adenocarcinoma

8

linear tear in esophagus after dry heaves (retching)

Mallory-Weiss synd

9

dyspepsia, Helicobacter pylori infection of stomach or duodenum

peptic ulcer disease

10

male infant (6-8 wks) with projectile vomiting

congenital pyloric stenosis

11

predisposes to pernicious anemia ad gastric carcinoma

atrophic gastritis

12

unexplained weight loss and mass in left supraclavicular fossa

gastric carcinoma

13

mass in Left supraclavicular fossa

Virchow's node

14

Virchow's node and intra-abdominal cancer

Troisier's sign

15

Cobblestone ileum, diarrhea, skip lesions, non-caseous granulomas

Crohn's disease

16

remnant of the vitelline duct found in 2% of the population

Meckel's diverticulum

17

malabsorption due to gluten sensitivity

Celiac disease

18

fat, foul-smelling floating stool seen in malabsorption sydnrome

steatorrhea

19

steatorrhea and arthritis

Whipple's disease

20

right iliac fossa pain with tenderness at McBurney's point

appendicitis

21

left iliac fossa pain and blood in the stool in an older patient

diverticulitis

22

telescloping of proximal bowel into a distal segment

intussusception

23

loss of ganglia in the distal colon in a child with constipation

Hirschsprung's disease

24

bloody diarrhea and left-sided abdominal pain in young female

ulcerative colitis

25

twisting of a part of the bowel on itself-more commonly sigmoid

volvulus

26

oral pigmentation, multiple intestinal polyps

Peutz-Jegher syndrome

27

recurrent abdominal pain relieved by defecation

irritable bowel syndrome

28

inflammation of liver caused by a water-borne viral infection

Hepatitis A

29

liver damaged by blood-borne or sexually transmitted virus

Hepatitis B or C

30

type of liver cancer associated with Hepatitis B or C virus

hepatocellular carcinoma