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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (50)
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1

reversible paroxysms of bronchospasm with wheezing

asthma

2

underlying pathology in asthma due to inflammation

bronchial narrowing

3

spirals found in the sputum of asthmatics

Curschmann's spirals

4

crystals found in sputum of asthmatics

Charcot-Leyden crystals

5

copious amounts of sputum early in the mornings; dilated bronchi

bronchiectasis

6

chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis and situs inversus

Kartangener's syndrome

7

underlying pathology in Kartagener's syndrome

immotile cilia

8

lung collapse

atelectasis

9

type of atelectasis seen in pleural effusion or pneumothorax

compression atelectasis

10

type of atelectasis in obstruction due to a foreign body

resorption atelectasis

11

type of atelectasis seen in pulmonary tuberculosis

contraction atelectasis

12

type of COPD with purse-lipped breathing and barrel chest

emphysema

13

type of emphysema seen with cigarette smoking

Centriacinar pattern

14

type of emphysema seen in alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency

Panacinar pattern

15

type of COPD with chronic cough > 3 months and > 2 consecutive years

chronic bronchitis

16

cyanosis and edema

blue bloater

17

purse-lips breathing

pink puffer

18

underlying pathology in chronic bronchitis

bronchial hyperplasia

19

segmental inflammation; consolidation, red and grey hepatization

lobar pneumonia

20

patchy inflammtion of lungs

bronchopneumonia

21

pus-filled cavity in the lung; Staph aureus or Klebsiella, alcoholics

lung abscess

22

lung disease caused by inhalation of inorganic industrial stuff

pneumoconiosis

23

inhalation of coal dust

anthracosis

24

inhalation of sand and quartz

silicosis

25

inhalation of asbestos

asbestosis

26

inhalation of iron dust

siderosis

27

pneumoconiosis seen in patients with RA

caplan's lung

28

allergic lung disease seen in mill workers

byssinosis

29

allergic lung disease seen in sugar cane workers

bagassosis

30

allergic lung disease due to inhalation of moly hay

farmer's lung