Flashcards in Cardiovascular Emergencies Deck (72)
What is a murmur? What does it indicate?
Abnormal whooshing sound heard over heart
Indicators turbulent blood flow within heart
What is a bruit? What does it indicate?
Abnormal whooshing sound heard over main blood vessel
Indicates turbulent flow within blood vessel
What is a bruit usually a sign of?
Localized arteriosclerotic disease
What is arteriosclerotic disease?
Thickening or hardening of arteries
What is atherosclerosis?
Disorder in which cholesterol and other fatty substances build up and form plaque inside walls of blood vessels
What is angina pectoris?
When heart tissue isn't getting enough oxygen and causes chest pain for a brief time
What is angina pain described as?
Someone standing on my chest
Chronotroptic state refers to?
Dromotropic state refers to?
Inotropic state refers to?
Hearts strength of contraction
What supplies oxygen and nutrients to the heart?
What is a class of clot busting drugs used to remove plaque from the coronary artery?
What are three ways pain from an AMI differs from angina?
May or may not be caused by exertion
Doesn't resolve in a few minutes
May or may not be relieved
What are two classes of drugs that will help cardiogenic shock?
What happens during congested heart failure?
The heart fails to pump blood effectively and it backs up into the pulmonary veins
What color sputum occurs with pulmonary edema?
Pink frothy sputum
Chronic pedal edema may indicate what?
Underlying heart disease (right sides heart failure)
How should you position a patient with congestive heart failure?
Not laying down
What is cardiomegaly?
What can continued hypertension lead to?
What are some signs of hypertension?
What are four drugs used or cardiac chest pain?
What does the left coronary artery subdivide into?
Left anterior descending artery
Circumflex coronary artery
What electrolyte flows into the cell to initiate depolarization?
What electrolyte flows out of the cell to initiate repolarization?
Hypokalemia can lead to what?
Increased myocardial irritability
Hyperkalemia can lead to what?
Hypocalcemia can lead to what?
Decreased contractility and increased myocardial irritability
Hypercalcemia can lead to what?