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Flashcards in Respiratory Drugs Deck (92):
0

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-alternative name

Adrenaline

1

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-classification (2)

Sympathomimetic
Alpha and beta agonist

2

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
- effects (4)

Vasoconstriction
Increase BP
Increase contractility
Relieves bronchospasms

3

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
- route

Subcutaneous
Intramuscular

4

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
- onset

5-10 minutes

5

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-indications (2)

Asthma
Anaphylaxis

6

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-contraindications (3)

Hypertension
Hyperthyroidism
Narrow angle glaucoma

7

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-side effects (5+)

Headache
Restlessness
Palpitations
Tachycardia
Angina
Disarhythmias

8

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-dose (adults)

0.3mg

9

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
- dose (pediatrics)

.01 mg/kg

10

Furosemide
-alternative name

Lasix

11

Furosemide
-classification

Loop diuretic

12

Furosemide
-effects (2)

Inhibits reabsorption of sodium chloride in proximal tubules of loop of Henle

Reduces cardiac preload and after load by increasing venous capacitance

13

Furosemide
-indications (2)

CHF
Acute pulmonary edema

14

Furosemide
-contraindications (3)

Anuria
Hypovolemia
Allergy

15

Furosemide
-side effects (5)

Headache
Tinnitus
Dizziness
Hypotension
Dehydration

16

Furosemide
-route

Slow IV push

17

Furosemide
-dose (adults)

20-40mg

.5 - 1 mg/kg

18

Furosemide
-dose (pediatrics)

1 mg/kg

19

Morphine Sulfate
-classification (2)

Narcotic opioid analgesic
Opiate receptor agonist

20

Morphine Sulfate
-effects (4)

Decrease: pain, anxiety, myocardial oxygen demand
Decrease preload and afterload in pulmonary edema

21

Morphine Sulfate
-route

Slow IV push

22

Morphine Sulfate
-indications

Pain management for burns/AMI
Pulmonary edema

23

Morphine Sulfate
-contraindications (5)

Allergy
Asthma
Upper respiratory airway obstruction
CNS depression
Head injury with ICP

24

Morphine Sulfate
-side effects (5+)

Dizziness
Hypotension
Bradycardia
Respiratory depression
Sedation
Nausea
Sweating
Euphoria
Bronchospasm
Arrhythmia
Lowers cough reflex
Potentiates other CNS depressants

25

Morphine Sulfate
-dose (adults)

2-4 mg

26

Morphine Sulfate
- dose (pediatrics)

.1 - .2 mg/kg

27

Nitroglycerin
-alternative name (3)

Nitro stat
Isordil
Nitro bid

28

Nitroglycerin
-classification

Vasodilator

29

Nitroglycerin
-effects (3)

Decrease: ischemic chest pain, preload, oxygen demand
Dilates coronary arteries
Increase Venus capacitance

30

Nitroglycerin
-onset

2-5 mins

31

Nitroglycerin
-indications (4)

Angina
Head trauma
AMI
CHF

32

Nitroglycerin
-contraindications (4)

Allergy
Anemia
BP <90
Viagra type drug in last 24 hours

33

Nitroglycerin
-route

Sublingual

34

Nitroglycerin
-dose

.4 mg tablet three times as needed

35

Albuterol sulfate
-alternative name

Proventil
Ventolin

36

Albuterol sulfate
-classification (3)

Sympathomimetic
Bronchodilator
Selective beta 2 adrenergic stimulator

37

Albuterol sulfate
-indications (3)

Asthma
Emphysema
Allergy

38

Albuterol sulfate
-contraindications

History: seizures, diabetes, hyperthyroidism

39

Albuterol sulfate
-onset

5-15 mins

40

Albuterol sulfate
-side effects (5)

Tremors
Increase: heart rate, BP
Dizziness
Dysrhythmias
Nausea

41

Albuterol sulfate
-route (2)

Nebulizer
MDI

42

Albuterol sulfate
-dose (adults)

2.5 mg/3 ml
Every 15 mins

43

Albuterol sulfate
-dose (pediatrics)

.03 ml/kg of .5% solution

44

Ipratropium Bromide
-alternative name

Atrovent

45

Ipratropium Bromide
-classification

Anticholinergic

46

Ipratropium Bromide
-effects (3)

Inhibits acetylcholine from effecting muscarinic receptors
Bronchodilation
Drying of secretions

47

Ipratropium Bromide
-indications (2)

Asthma
COPD

48

Ipratropium Bromide
-contraindications (4)

Allergy to: ipratropium, atropine, peanuts, soybeans

49

Ipratropium Bromide
-side effects (4)

Dry mouth
Blurred vision
Tachycardia
Headache

50

Ipratropium Bromide
-onset

10-15 mins

51

Ipratropium Bromide
-route

Combined with albuterol via nebulizer or MDI

52

Ipratropium Bromide
-dose (adults)

.5 mg/3ml
Repeat as needed

53

Ipratropium Bromide
-dose (pediatrics)

.125- .250 mg /3ml

54

Age limit for ipratropium bromide

>12

55

Metaproterenol sulfate
- alternative name (2)

Alupent
Metaprel

56

Metaproterenol sulfate
-classification (2)

Bronchodilator
Beta 2 adrenergic stimulator

57

Metaproterenol sulfate
-effect

Relaxes bronchial smooth muscle

58

Metaproterenol sulfate
-indication (3)

Asthma
Emphysema
Chronic bronchitis

59

Metaproterenol sulfate
-contraindications

Allergy

60

Metaproterenol sulfate
-caution (4)

History of: seizures, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, arrhythmias

61

Metaproterenol sulfate
-side effect (5+)

Tremors
Restlessness
Anxiety
Cough
Tachycardia
Hypertension

62

Metaproterenol sulfate
- what can antagonize effects

Beta blockers

63

Metaproterenol sulfate
-route (2)

Nebulizer
MDI

64

Metaproterenol sulfate
-dose (adults+pediatrics)

2.5ml of 4% solution
Repeat 4-6 hours

65

Metaproterenol sulfate
-age limit

>6 years

66

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-alternative name

Solu-medrol

67

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-classification (2)

Steroid
Synthetic glucocorticoid

68

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-effect

Anti inflammater

69

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-onset

1-2 hours

70

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-indication (3)

Asthma
Anaphylaxis
Acute spinal cord injury

71

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-contraindications (3)

Allergy
Active ocular herpes simplex infection
System fungal infection

72

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-caution (4)

Hyperthyroidism
Seizures
Cirrhosis
Thrombotic disorder

73

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-side effect (4)

Myopathy
Headache
Vertigo
Increased blood glucose

74

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-route

IV

75

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-dose (adults)

40-125mg

76

Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
-dose (pediatrics)

1-2 mg/kg

77

Terbutaline
-alternate name (2)

Brethine
Bethaire

78

Terbutaline
-classification

Bronchodilator

79

Terbutaline
-effect (2)

Beta 2 adrenergic stimulation
Relaxation of smooth muscle

80

Terbutaline
-indications (2)

Asthma
COPD

81

Terbutaline
-contraindication

Allergy

82

Terbutaline
-onset

5-15 mins

83

Terbutaline
-caution (5)

History of:
Seizures
Diabetes
Hyperthyroidism
Tachycardia
Hypertension

84

Terbutaline
-route (2)

Subcutaneous
MDI

85

Terbutaline
-dose (adult+pediatrics)

.25 mg
Repeat 15-30 mins
Over 12

86

Terbutaline
-age limit

>12

87

Magnesium sulfate
-classification

Mineral

88

Magnesium sulfate
-effect (2)

Calcium channel blocker
Blocks neuromuscular transmission

89

Magnesium sulfate
-indications (4)

Bronchospasms
Refractory v-fib
V-tach
Torsode de points

90

Magnesium sulfate
-contraindications (5)

Shock
Dialysis
Hypocalcemia
Hypertension
3rd degree heart block

91

Magnesium sulfate
-side effect (4)

Flushing
Sweating
Bradycardia
Drowsiness