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Flashcards in Respiratory Drugs Deck (92)
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Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-alternative name

Adrenaline

1

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-classification (2)

Sympathomimetic
Alpha and beta agonist

2

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
- effects (4)

Vasoconstriction
Increase BP
Increase contractility
Relieves bronchospasms

3

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
- route

Subcutaneous
Intramuscular

4

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
- onset

5-10 minutes

5

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-indications (2)

Asthma
Anaphylaxis

6

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-contraindications (3)

Hypertension
Hyperthyroidism
Narrow angle glaucoma

7

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-side effects (5+)

Headache
Restlessness
Palpitations
Tachycardia
Angina
Disarhythmias

8

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
-dose (adults)

0.3mg

9

Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000
- dose (pediatrics)

.01 mg/kg

10

Furosemide
-alternative name

Lasix

11

Furosemide
-classification

Loop diuretic

12

Furosemide
-effects (2)

Inhibits reabsorption of sodium chloride in proximal tubules of loop of Henle

Reduces cardiac preload and after load by increasing venous capacitance

13

Furosemide
-indications (2)

CHF
Acute pulmonary edema

14

Furosemide
-contraindications (3)

Anuria
Hypovolemia
Allergy

15

Furosemide
-side effects (5)

Headache
Tinnitus
Dizziness
Hypotension
Dehydration

16

Furosemide
-route

Slow IV push

17

Furosemide
-dose (adults)

20-40mg

.5 - 1 mg/kg

18

Furosemide
-dose (pediatrics)

1 mg/kg

19

Morphine Sulfate
-classification (2)

Narcotic opioid analgesic
Opiate receptor agonist

20

Morphine Sulfate
-effects (4)

Decrease: pain, anxiety, myocardial oxygen demand
Decrease preload and afterload in pulmonary edema

21

Morphine Sulfate
-route

Slow IV push

22

Morphine Sulfate
-indications

Pain management for burns/AMI
Pulmonary edema

23

Morphine Sulfate
-contraindications (5)

Allergy
Asthma
Upper respiratory airway obstruction
CNS depression
Head injury with ICP

24

Morphine Sulfate
-side effects (5+)

Dizziness
Hypotension
Bradycardia
Respiratory depression
Sedation
Nausea
Sweating
Euphoria
Bronchospasm
Arrhythmia
Lowers cough reflex
Potentiates other CNS depressants

25

Morphine Sulfate
-dose (adults)

2-4 mg

26

Morphine Sulfate
- dose (pediatrics)

.1 - .2 mg/kg

27

Nitroglycerin
-alternative name (3)

Nitro stat
Isordil
Nitro bid

28

Nitroglycerin
-classification

Vasodilator

29

Nitroglycerin
-effects (3)

Decrease: ischemic chest pain, preload, oxygen demand
Dilates coronary arteries
Increase Venus capacitance