Hemorrhage And Shock Flashcards Preview

Paramedic > Hemorrhage And Shock > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hemorrhage And Shock Deck (58)
Loading flashcards...
0

What are four signs and symptoms of hypovolemic shock?

Rapid, weak pulse
Hypotension
AMS
Cool, clammy skin

1

How many millimeters of blood does a typical adult have?

Approximately 70 mL/kg

2

At what percent will a body not tolerate an acute loss of blood?

Greater than 20%

3

How are vitals affected if a patient loses more than 1 liter of blood (2 pints)?

Increased heart rate
Increase repertory rate
Decrease in blood pressure

4

How much total blood volume does a 1 year old child have?

About 800 mL

5

What is hypovolemic shock?

Low blood volume results in inadequate perfusion

6

What color is arterial bleeding?

Bright red

7

What color is venous bleeding?

Dark red

8

What color is capillary bleeding?

Dark red

9

What is hemostasis?

Formation of a clot to plug openings in injured blood vessels and stop blood flow

10

What is coffee ground emesis a sign of?

Upper GI bleeding

11

What is melena?

Passage of dark, tarry stools

12

What is melena a sign of?

Upper GI bleeding

13

What is hematochezia?

Passage of stools containing bright red blood

14

What is hematochezia a sign of?

Bleeding close to the external opening of the colon

15

What tends to cause hematochezia?

Hemorrhoids in the lower colon

16

What is hematuria?

Blood in the urine

17

What is hematuria a sign of?

Serious renal injury or illness

18

What is a pulse point?

Spot where a blood vessel lies near a bone

19

What are hemostats?

Forceps used to clamp ends of vessels

20

What is the primary use of pneumatic antishock garment?

Stabilization of an unstable pelvis, especially when the patient is exhibiting signs of hypoperfusion

21

What is another name for PASG.

MAST
Military antishock trousers

22

What is the only true contraindication of pneumatic antishock garments (PASG)/military antishock trousers (MAST)?

Pulmonary edema

23

How do you treat suspected skull fracture bleeding?

Loosely cover the bleeding site with a sterile gauze pad

Don't apply excessive pressure due to blood collecting in the head

24

What are the three parts of the cardiovascular system?

Pump (heart)
Container (vessels)
Fluid (blood)

25

In the cardiovascular system, what is the pump?

The heart

26

In the cardiovascular system, what is the container?

Vessels

27

In the cardiovascular system, what is the fluid?

Blood

28

What is the formula for cardiac output?

CO= HR ✖️ SV (stroke volume)

29

What is the formula for blood pressure?

BP= CO ✖️ SVR (systemic vascular resistance)