Week 3.1 - Menstrual issues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 3.1 - Menstrual issues Deck (7):
1

Discuss some common causes of menorrhagia

-Abnormal clotting (idiopathic thrombocytopenia)
-fibroids
-iatrogenic (copper coil)
-PCOS
-Cancer
-Progesterone contraception
-Obesity

2

What is a fibroid? In who are they more common? Why can it cause menorrhagia?

-Benign tumour of the smooth muscle occuring in myometrium of uterus
-Afro-carribean
-Increased BS to uterus

3

Give the most common causes for amenorrhea

-Pregnancy
-Anorexia Nervosa
-Primary amenorrhea
-Cryptomenorrhea
-Tumous

4

Give some possible causes of primary amenorrhea

-Absent ovaries
-Primary ovarian failure pre-menarche
-Excess prolactin (shuts down HPO axis)

5

What is cyrptomenorrhea?

-Menstruation occurs but it is not visible due to obstruction
eg imperforate hymen, uterine interventions

6

What is the most common cause of irregular bleeding?

-Endometrial pathology eg polyps

7

When is menorrhagia defined?

-Blood loss more than 80mls