Flashcards in Abnormal curvatures Deck (27):
What names are given to conditions associated with abnormal curves of the vertebral column?
lordosis, kyphosis, scoliosis
What is the definition of lordosis?
a forward bending condition
What is the definition of kyphosis?
a humpback or hunchback condition
What is the definition of scoliosis?
a warped or crooked condition
What is the direction of the curve deviation in lordosis?
to the anterior
What is the direction of the curve deviation in kyphosis?
to the posterior
What clinical examples of abnormal curvatures along the vertebral column were stressed in class?
military neck, humpback or hunchback, and swayback
What are the curve classifications for military neck?
a kyphosis or hypolordotic curve
What are the curve classifications for humpback or hunchback?
a kyphosis or hyperkyphotic curve
What are the curve classifications for swayback?
a lordosis or hyperlordotic curve
What is the more complete, accepted definition of scoliosis?
an abnormal lateral curve coupled with axial rotation
What are the classifications or scoliosis according to the Scoliosis Research Society?*
magnitude, location, direction, etiology, structural scoliosis and non-structural scoliosis
What does magnitude of scoliosis refer to?
the length and angle of the curve deviation on x-ray
What does location of scoliosis infer?
the location on the vertebral segment forming the apex of the curve deviation
What does direction of scoliosis refer to?
the side the convexity of the curve will bend toward
What does etiology of scoliosis mean?
the cause of the scoliosis
What is the classification of scoliosis that is unique to the individual patient?
What is the incidence of idiopathic scoliosis in the population?
1% to 4% of the population
Based on the age of onset, what are the types of idiopathic scoliosis?
infantile, juvenile, and adolescent
What is the age range for infantile idiopathic scoliosis?
from birth to 3 years old
What is the age range for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis?
from 3 years old to 10 years old
What is the age range for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?
over 10 years
identify the curve direction, location, gender bias and incidence of infantile idiopathic scoliosis?
left thoracic, male, less than 1% incidence
identify the curve direction, location, gender bias and incidence of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis?
right thoracic, females over 6 years old, and 12% - 21% incidence
identify the curve direction, location, gender bias and incidence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?
right thoracic or right thoracic and left lumbar, females, 80% incidence
What is the genetic factor associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?
an autosomal dominant factor that runs in families