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Flashcards in miscellaneous cervical Deck (15):
1

Which suboccipital muscles attach to C1?

rectus capitis posterior minor, obliquus capitis superior, obliquus capitis inferior

2

Which suboccipital muscle attach to C2?

rectus capitis posterior major, obliquus capitis inferior

3

Which transversospinalis muscles attach to the cervical spine?

semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, multifidis, rotators

4

What joint classifications are present at C1?

synovial (diarthrosis) ellipsoidal, synovial pivot (diarthrosis trochoid), synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia) and fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

5

What joint classifications are present at C2?

synovial pivot (diarthrosis trochoid), synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia), modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar), fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis and cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis joint

6

What joint classifications are present at each typical cervical?

synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia), modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar), fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis and cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

7

What joint classifications are present at C7?

synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia), modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar), fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis and cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

8

What forms the boundaries for the exit of the C1 nerve from the spinal cord?

occipital condyle, superior articular process of C1, capsular ligament, arcuate rim, groove for the vertebral artery, posterior atlanto-occipital ligament

9

What forms the anterior boundary for the C2 nerve exit from the spinal canal?

inferior articular process of C1, superior articular process of C2, capsular ligament

10

What forms the posterior boundary for the C2 nerve exit from the spinal canal?

the posterior arch of C1, lamina of C2 and posterior atlanto-axial ligament

11

What forms the anterior boundary for the C3-C7 nerve exit from the spinal canal?

the vertebral bodies, intervertebral disc, posterior longitudinal ligament, uncinate process, lateral groove

12

What are the superior articular facet orientations for the cervical vertebrae?

C1 is backward, upward, medial (BUM), C2 is backward, upward, lateral (BUL), C3-C7 is backward, upward, medial (BUM)

13

What are the inferior articular facet orientations for the cervical vertebrae?

C1 is backward, medial, downward (BDM), C2-C6 is forward, downward, lateral (FoLD), C7 is forward, downward, medial (ForMeD)

14

How many synovial joints are identified for each cervical vertebra?

C1 = five, C2 = eight, C3-6 = eight, C7 = six

15

How many joints are identified at the vertebral body of each cervical?

C1 = none, C2 = ten, C3-6 = ten, C7 = eight

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