MSK Session 11- Ageing In The MSK System And Pathology Of Joints Flashcards Preview

SOPHIE'S ESA 2 > MSK Session 11- Ageing In The MSK System And Pathology Of Joints > Flashcards

Flashcards in MSK Session 11- Ageing In The MSK System And Pathology Of Joints Deck (9)
1

What accelerates the loss of bone mineral density? (3)

-low reproductive hormones
-poor calcium and vitamin D
-immobilisation of the bone

2

What is osteoporosis?

Weakened bone due to decreased bone mineral density. This is due to bone resorption being greater than bone formation.

3

What is type 1 osteoporosis?

Post menopausal

4

What is type 2 osteoporosis?

Age related

5

What Is a drug that can be given to treat osteoporosis? What does it do?

Bisphosphonates
They reduce osteoclast function, leading to a decreased bone turnover and increased bone mineralisation.

6

What is osteoarthritis?

A disorder of synovial joints due to focal damage of articular cartilage.

7

What is a common sign of osteoarthritis?

Osteophytes- bony nodules caused by the remodelling of bone at joint margins.

8

What are the four radiological features of osteoarthritis?

Decreased joint space
Osteophytes
Sclerosis
Bone cysts

9

Define sarcopenia.

A loss of muscle mass

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