Flashcards in MSK Session 11- Ageing In The MSK System And Pathology Of Joints Deck (9)
What accelerates the loss of bone mineral density? (3)
-low reproductive hormones
-poor calcium and vitamin D
-immobilisation of the bone
What is osteoporosis?
Weakened bone due to decreased bone mineral density. This is due to bone resorption being greater than bone formation.
What is type 1 osteoporosis?
What is type 2 osteoporosis?
What Is a drug that can be given to treat osteoporosis? What does it do?
They reduce osteoclast function, leading to a decreased bone turnover and increased bone mineralisation.
What is osteoarthritis?
A disorder of synovial joints due to focal damage of articular cartilage.
What is a common sign of osteoarthritis?
Osteophytes- bony nodules caused by the remodelling of bone at joint margins.
What are the four radiological features of osteoarthritis?
Decreased joint space