Tumor Markers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Tumor Markers Deck (13):
1

proteins that are produced by the body in response to cancer growth or by the cancer tissue itself and certain benign (noncancerous) conditions

tumor marker

2

What are tumor markers mainly used for in patients who have already been diagnosed with cancer?

monitor response to treatment and return of cancer after treatment

3

T/F Levels of tumor markers tend to get higher than normal only when there’s a large amount of cancer present

true

4

Tumor marker primarily used for liver, testicular, and ovarian cancer

AFP (Alpha-fetoprotein)

5

Levels high in some types of germ cell tumors (choriocarcinoma and testicular)

Beta-hCG: (Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin)

6

First developed to detect colorectal cancer but most often used in pancreatic cancer. Can also be used for gallbladder and bile duct cancers

CA 19.9

7

Used for detection of epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, peritoneal cancers

CA-125

8

Can be high in uterine fibroids and endometriosis

CA-125

9

Hormone produced by Parafollicular C cells in the thyroid gland. Normally helps regulate blood calcium levels

calcitonin

10

Marker for medullary thyroid cancer

calcitonin

11

Tumor marker used for colorectal and breast cancer

CEA (Carcinoembryonic antigen)

12

Marker used for prostate cancer

PSA (Prostate-specific antigen)

13

Only marker used to screen for a common type of cancer

PSA