Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Deck (83)
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1

What happens to the ovary during development? 

It descends in the pelvis

2

What does the descent of the ovary have implications for? 

Venous and lymphatic drainage of the ovaries

3

Where do the gonads develop? 

Within the mesonephric ridge, on the posterior abdominal wall 

4

What is the inferior pole of the ovary attached to? 

The gubernaculum 

 

5

What is the inferior attachment of the gubernaculum? 

Labia majora

6

What causes the descent of the ovary? 

The relative shortening of the gubernaculum, which drags the ovary through the abdomen 

7

Where does the ovary stop its descent? 

In the pelvis

8

What is the arterial supply to the ovary? 

Via direct branches of the abdominal aorta

9

What is the venous drainage of the ovary? 

  • The right ovarian vein into the inferior vena cava
  • The left ovarian vein into the left renal vein

 

10

What are the parts of the uterus? 

  • Fundus
  • Body
  • Uterine tubes
  • Cervix

 

11

Draw a labelled diagram of the uterus

12

What happens to the fundus as pregnancy proceeds? 

It becomes palpable

13

What is the clinical importance of the fundus of the uterus? 

It is an important clinical measurement in pregnancy 

14

What is the function of the uterine tubes? 

Duct system for the gamete

15

What does the cervix contain? 

The endocervical canal

16

What is the endocervical canal? 

A channel that runs through the cervix

17

What are the peritoneal pouches of the uterus? 

  • The uterovesical pouch anteriorly
  • The rectouterine pounch posteriorly

 

18

Where is the uterovesical pouch? 

Between the urinary bladder and uterus 

19

What is the rectouterine pouch also known as? 

The pouch of Douglas

20

Where is the rectouterine pouch?

Between the rectum and the uterus 

21

How can the rectouterine pouch be accessed? 

Through the posterior fornix of the vagina

22

What is the peritoneal pouch in a male? 

The rectovesical pouch

23

Where is the rectovesical pouch found? 

Between the bladder and the rectum 

24

What does the uterus develop from? 

The paramesonephric duct

25

What are the paramesonephric ducts? 

A pair of ducts that are open cranially and caudally, and connect to the urogenital sinus 

26

Why do the paramesonephric ducts need to be open? 

To allow for the collection of gametes after ovulation 

27

When do paramesonephric ducts persist in development? 

In the absence of MIH, and therefore in the absense of testes

28

What happens to the paramesonephric ducts in female development? 

They grow into the abdominal cavity, dragging the peritoneal membrane with it, then fuse in the midline

29

What does fusion of the paramesonephric ducts in the midline create? 

A broad transverse fold draped by peritoneum, the broad ligament

30

What is the purpose of the broad ligament? 

It is like a mesentery, in that it is a sheet of pertioneum that allows structures to enter and leave, including vasculature