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Flashcards in Ovarian Cysts Deck (66)
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1

What groups can ovarian tumours be divided into?

- Functional
- Bengin
- Malignant

2

What % of ovarian cysts are benign?

70%

3

What are the types of benign ovarian tumours?

- Benign epithelial neoplastic cysts
- Benign cystic teratomas
- Benign neoplastic solid tumours

4

What % of benign ovarian tumours are benign epithelial neoplastic cysts?

60%

5

What are the types of benign epithelial neoplastic cysts?

- Serous cystadenoma
- Mucinous cystadenoma

6

Who are serous cystadenomas most common in?

Women 40-50 years

7

What might happen to the size of mucinous cystadenoma?

They may become enormous

8

What are mucinous cystadenomas filled with?

Mucinous material

9

What can happen if mucinous cystademomas rupture?

Can cause pseudomyxoma peritonei

10

Who are mucinous cystadenomas most common in?

20-40 age group

11

What cells do benign cystic teratomas arise from?

Primitive germ cells

12

What is a benign mature teratoma also known as?

Dermoid cyst

13

What might a dermoid cyst contain?

Well-differentiated tissue, e.g. hair, teeth

14

Who are dermoid cysts most common in?

Young women

15

What are the types of benign neoplastic solid tumours?

- Fibromas
- Thecomas
- Adenofibromas
- Brenner's tumoru

16

What is a fibroma?

A small, solid, benign fibrous tissue tumour

17

What are ovarian fibromas associated with?

- Meigs syndrome
- Ascites

18

What are Brenner's tumours?

Rare ovarian tumours displaying benign, borderline/proliferative, and malignant variants

19

What other ovarian tumours might Brenner's tumours be associated with?

- Mucinous cystadenoma
- Cystic teratoma

20

What % of women do benign ovarian cysts occur in?

30% with regular menses
50% with irregular menses

21

Which age group do ovarian cysts occur in?

Premenopausal women (uncommon in post-menopausal and pre-menarchal women)

22

What are the most common type of ovarian cysts in young women?

Benign neoplastic cysts of germ cell origin

23

What are the risk factors for ovarian cysts?

- Obesity
- Tamoxifen therapy
- Early menarche
- Infertility

24

What type of ovarian cysts might run in families?

Dermoid

25

How might ovarian cysts present?

- Incidental finding (asymptomatic)
- Pain
- Dysparuenia
- Swollen abdomen
- Pressure effects
- Symptoms of complications
- Endocrine symptoms

26

Describe the pain in ovarian cysts?

Dull ache or pain in lower abdomen, low back pain

27

Describe the swollen abdomen in ovarian cysts?

Palpable mass arising out of pelvis, which is dull to percussion and does not disappear if bladder is emptied

28

What might ovarian cysts put pressure on causing symptoms?

- Bladder
- Venous return

29

What symptoms might be caused by ovarian cysts putting pressure in the bladder?

Urinary frequency

30

What symptoms might be caused by ovarian cysts putting pressure on venous return?

- Varicose veins
- Leg oedema