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Flashcards in Hernias Deck (16)
1

What is a hernia?

Abnormal protrusion of a viscus outwith its normal body cavity

2

Name the most common hernias, from most to least common

Inguinal
Umbilical
Incisional
Femoral

3

What is the main risk factor for developing a hernia?

Raised intra-abdominal pressure, caused by lifting, coughing, constipation, pregnancy etc.

4

If a hernia is reducible, it goes back in and doesn't reappear. True/False?

True

5

How do epigastric hernias arise?

Congenital weakness of the line albea

6

Epigastric hernias are more common in females. True/False?

False
Males 3:1 females

7

Where are femoral hernias usually located?

Below and lateral to the pubic tubercle

8

Femoral hernias are 10x more common in females than males. True/False?

True

9

Where are inguinal hernias usually located?

Above and medial to the pubic tubercle

10

Indirect inguinal hernias are lateral/medial to inferior epigastric vessels
Direct inguinal hernias are lateral/medial to inferior epigastric vessels

Indirect inguinal hernias are lateral to inferior epigastric vessels
Direct inguinal hernias are medial to inferior epigastric vessels

11

Indirect hernias are more common in older men. True/False?

False
More common in younger men

12

What does a patent processus vaginalis cause?

Hydrocele (fluid in scrotum)
Indirect inguinal hernia

13

Vertical incisions are more likely to cause an incisional hernia than transverse incisions. True/False?

True

14

Paediatric inguinal hernias are more common in men. True/False?

True

15

What is the processus vaginalis?

Peritoneal sac through which the testes descend into the scrotum

16

Reducible inguinal hernias are more likely to be direct than indirect. True/False?

True