Flashcards in Hernias Deck (16)
What is a hernia?
Abnormal protrusion of a viscus outwith its normal body cavity
Name the most common hernias, from most to least common
What is the main risk factor for developing a hernia?
Raised intra-abdominal pressure, caused by lifting, coughing, constipation, pregnancy etc.
If a hernia is reducible, it goes back in and doesn't reappear. True/False?
How do epigastric hernias arise?
Congenital weakness of the line albea
Epigastric hernias are more common in females. True/False?
Males 3:1 females
Where are femoral hernias usually located?
Below and lateral to the pubic tubercle
Femoral hernias are 10x more common in females than males. True/False?
Where are inguinal hernias usually located?
Above and medial to the pubic tubercle
Indirect inguinal hernias are lateral/medial to inferior epigastric vessels
Direct inguinal hernias are lateral/medial to inferior epigastric vessels
Indirect inguinal hernias are lateral to inferior epigastric vessels
Direct inguinal hernias are medial to inferior epigastric vessels
Indirect hernias are more common in older men. True/False?
More common in younger men
What does a patent processus vaginalis cause?
Hydrocele (fluid in scrotum)
Indirect inguinal hernia
Vertical incisions are more likely to cause an incisional hernia than transverse incisions. True/False?
Paediatric inguinal hernias are more common in men. True/False?
What is the processus vaginalis?
Peritoneal sac through which the testes descend into the scrotum