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Flashcards in Viral Hepatitis Deck (20)
1

How is hepatitis A spread?

Faeco-oral
Poor hygiene/overcrowding

2

Hepatitis A is associated with gay men having sex and IV drug users. True/False?

True

3

Does hepatitis A produce chronic infection?

No

4

Which age group has peak incidence of symptoms associated with hepatitis A?

Older children - young adults

5

How is hepatitis A confirmed in the lab?

Serology (clotted blood)
Hep A IgM

6

Hepatitis E is more common than hepatitis A in the UK. True/False?

True

7

How is hepatitis E spread?

Faeco-oral
Zoonosis
Person-person in immunocompromised/tropics

8

Hepatitis D is only found with hepatitis B infection. True/False?

True
Exacerbates hepatitis B infection

9

How is hepatitis B spread?

Blood-blood
Sex

10

Hep B s Ag is present in all hepatitis B -infected individuals. True/False?

True

11

HBsAg present for 4 months indicates chronic infection. True/False?

False
Present for > 6 months in chronic infection

12

Which hepatitis B markers are usually present in highly infectious individuals?

Hep B e Ag
Hep B virus DNA

13

Presence of anti-Hep B IgG indicates acute infection. True/False?

False
Presence of anti-Hep B IgM indicates acute infection

14

How is hepatitis C spread?

Blood-blood
Sex (although not as easily as hepatitis B)

15

Are antivirals given in acute hepatitis?

No

16

Liver cancer is a contraindication for hepatitis treatment. True/False?

True

17

List antivirals used to treat chronic hepatitis infection

Adefovir
Entecavir
Tenofovir

18

How is interferon-alpha administered?

Injection as peginterferon

19

Peginterferon produces flu-like side effects. True/False?

True

20

What are the two options for hepatitis B treatment?

1. Peginterferon alone
2. Antiviral therapy