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1

Ageism is

Select one:

a. a form of discrimination against older adults simply due to their age. 

b. a form of negative stereotype against older adults because of their age.

c. a form of prejudice against older adults because of their race.

d. a form of myth about older adults that is highly positive.

a. a form of discrimination against older adults simply due to their age. 

2

Four forces shape development. Which one of the following is not a developmental force?

Select one:

a. life-cycle

b. psychological

c. biological

d. histological 

d. histological 

3

Normative history-graded influences are events that

Select one:

a. are unique to each person.

b. occur at a specific age for each person.

c. generally occur around the same age for most people.

d. generally occur during a specific time period for most people. 

d. generally occur during a specific time period for most people. 

4

Developmental change in adulthood that is related to disease is termed

Select one:

a. primary aging.

b. secondary aging. 

c. tertiary aging.

d. holistic aging.

b. secondary aging. 

5

A continuity view involves the _____ of a characteristic a person has.

Select one:

a. amount

b. kind

c. plasticity

d. stability 

a. amount

6

Questionnaires and interviews are examples of _____ techniques.

Select one:

a. observational 

b. correlational

c. sampling

d. self-report

d. self-report

7

Correlational studies

Select one:

a. are effective with variables that cannot be manipulated.

b. provide important information about the strength of relationships between variables.

c. cannot provide information concerning causation.

d. have all of these characteristics. 

d. have all of these characteristics. 

8

In a _____ design, groups of participants varying in age are studied at one point in time.

Select one:

a. cross-sectional 

b. longitudinal

c. cross-sequential

d. longitudinal-sequential

a. cross-sectional 

9

In a _____ design, one group of participants is studied repeatedly over a period of time.

Select one:

a. cross-sectional

b. longitudinal 

c. cross-sequential

d. longitudinal-sequential

b. longitudinal 

10

In this type of sequential design, cohort and time of measurement effects are examined.

Select one:

a. cross-sequential

b. time-sequential 

c. time-lag sequential

d. longitudinal sequential

d. longitudinal sequential

11

The neuroscience approach offers a new level of analysis to understanding _____ and _____ functioning.

Select one:

a. cognitive; social-emotional 

b. cellular; occupational

c. systematic; interpretations

d. cross-linking; brain

a. cognitive; social-emotional 

12

MRI focuses on the _____ of the brain.

Select one:

a. blood flow

b. structure 

c. images

d. wrinkles

b. structure 

13

Processing speed _____ rapidly as people age.

Select one:

a. increases

b. declines 

c. distorts

d. inclines

b. declines 

14

The sensory cortices, such as the visual cortex, show relatively little _____.

Select one:

a. shrinkage 

b. decline

c. white matter

d. intensity

a. shrinkage 

15

The majority of evidence suggests that age-related change in _____ regions of the brain correlates with executive dysfunction and memory decline.

Select one:

a. frontal 

b. cortex

c. cerebellum

d. Hippocampus

a. frontal 

16

The lateral occipital complex is involved in _____ processing.

Select one:

a. memory 

b. thought

c. visual

d. conscious

c. visual

17

Evidence has shown that the _____ in frontal activity in older adults might be a response to the _____ efficiency of neural processing related to the perceptual areas of the brain.

Select one:

a. increase; increased

b. decrease; increased

c. function; increased

d. increase; decreased 

d. increase; decreased 

18

Which one of the following parts of the brain is preserved from aging?

Select one:

a. amygdala 

b. occipital

c. parietal

d. prefrontal

a. amygdala 

19

Which of the following areas of the brain is associated with automatic social cognition?

Select one:

a. basal ganglia

b. frontal lobe 

c. cortex

d. occipital

. basal ganglia

20

Which region implicated in emotional processing?

Select one:

a. cerebellum

b. sensorimotor area

c. hippocampus 

d. ventromedial prefrontal cortex

. ventromedial prefrontal cortex

21

Focusing on diet as having a role in aging is one aspect of

Select one:

a. wear-and-tear theories.

b. cellular theories.

c. programmed-cell-death theories.

d. rate-of-living theories. 

d. rate-of-living theories. 

22

Most facial wrinkling experienced by adults is

Select one:

a. inevitable.

b. due to programmed genetic changes.

c. due to the overuse of facial cosmetics.

d. preventable. 

d. preventable. 

23

The leading cause of broken bones in women is

Select one:

a. osteoarthritis.

b. osteoporosis. 

c. vitamin E deficiency.

d. skeletosis.

b. osteoporosis. 

24

Which of the following is not a normative age-related change in vision?

Select one:

a. difficulty discriminating different levels of illumination

b. glaucoma 

c. increased sensitivity to glare

d. decreased ability to focus on nearby objects

b. glaucoma 

25

26

Reduced sensitivity to high-pitched tones is known as

Select one:

a. presbyopia.

b. presbycusis. 

c. retinopathy.

d. vestibular atrophy.

b. presbycusis. 

27

The best conclusion concerning changes in taste sensitivity with age is that such changes

Select one:

a. are extensive.

b. begin in young adulthood.

c. only occur for sweet tastes.

d. are rather minimal. 

d. are rather minimal. 

28

Which of the following statements is true?

Select one:

a. Atherosclerosis involves fat deposits in the veins.

b. Atherosclerosis is rarely life threatening.

c. Most people do not know if they have hypertension. 

d. Hypertension is never a result of atherosclerosis.

c. Most people do not know if they have hypertension. 

29

Understanding a person's overall health requires an understanding of biological functioning and

Select one:

a. psychological functioning.

b. sociocultural functioning.

c. life-cycle forces.

d. all of the alternatives. 

d. all of the alternatives. 

30

The most common type of heart disease in older adults that results in hospitalization is

Select one:

a. congestive heart failure. 

b. cardiac arrhythmia.

c. arteriosclerosis.

d. myocardial infarction.

a. congestive heart failure.