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Flashcards in Quiz 2 Version 1 Deck (74)
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1

Which of the following statements is true?

Select one:

a. Atherosclerosis involves fat deposits in the veins.

b. Atherosclerosis is rarely life threatening.

c. Most people do not know if they have hypertension. 

d. Hypertension is never a result of atherosclerosis.

Most people do not know if they have hypertension

2

The leading cause of broken bones in women is

Select one:

a. osteoarthritis.

b. osteoporosis. 

c. vitamin E deficiency.

d. skeletosis.

osteoporosis.

3

The ability to smell

Select one:

a. remains unchanged throughout life.

b. declines slowly from age 30.

c. actually improves as age increases.

d. usually declines only after age 60. 

usually declines only after age 60.

4

Which of the following is the most serious form of chronic obstructive lung disease?

Select one:

a. asthma

b. bronchitis

c. emphysema 

d. pneumonia

emphysema

5

This theory is a possible cause of the increasing stiffness of muscles, such as the heart walls, with increasing age.

Select one:

a. Hayflick limit

b. free radicals

c. cholesterol buildup

d. cross-linking 

cross-linking

6

When reading a research journal, a 46-year-old professor finds that she must hold it farther away to read the fine print. She is experiencing which normal age-related change in vision?

Select one:

a. presbycusis

b. retinopathy

c. presbyopia 

d. dysthermia

presbyopia

7

Football players often complain about their knees after playing, and tennis players often complain about their elbows after a match. Based on this description, you would guess they have

Select one:

a. osteoporosis.

b. rheumatoid arthritis.

c. osteoarthritis. 

d. degenerative skeletosis.

osteoarthritis.

8

Researchers have found that this type of exercise can improve balance and reduce the chance of falling in older adults.

Select one:

a. Karate

b. Tai Chi 

c. Kick-boxing

d. Tai Bo

Tai Chi

9

Which of the following is not a cause of wrinkles?

Select one:

a. thinning of the epidermal layer

b. collagen fibers losing flexibility

c. elastin fibres keeping skin more stretched 

d. losing the underlying layer of fat

c. elastin fibres keeping skin more stretched

10

Going from inside a dark movie theatre back out into the sunshine requires

Select one:

a. light adaptation.

b. dark adaptation. 

c. presbyopia.

d. accommodation.

light adaptation.

11

85-year-old Elizabeth has recently begun to lose control of her bladder, which has led to several embarrassing situations when she has been out with friends. Elizabeth is suffering from

Select one:

a. Crohn's disease.

b. irritable bowel syndrome.

c. incontinence. 

d. hormonal enuresis.

incontinence.

12

Which of the following are not part of the disablement process proposed by Verbrugge and Jette (1994)?

Select one:

a. risk factors

b. personal factors 

c. extraindividual factors

d. intraindividual factors

personal factors

13

The risk of getting cancer

Select one:

a. decreases somewhat with age.

b. increases markedly with age. 

c. does not change with age.

d. is unknown.

b. increases markedly with age.

14

The difficulty in completing the daily activities of living due to a chronic condition is known as

Select one:

a. a long-term illness.

b. medical pathology.

c. a disability. 

d. psychoneuroimmunology.

a disability.

15

Which of the following forms of cancer is thought to have a genetic link?

Select one:

a. breast

b. spinal

c. stomach 

d. lung

breast

16

Which of the following is not an example of the environmental factors in longevity?

Select one:

a. getting married

b. smoking cigarettes

c. obtaining medical care

d. longevity of relatives 

d. longevity of relatives

17

The oldest age to which any individual of a species lives is called

Select one:

a. maximum longevity. 

b. average longevity.

c. intrinsic longevity.

d. extrinsic longevity.

a. maximum longevity.

18

Viewing stress as the interaction between a person and an event is known as

Select one:

a. psychoanalytical theory.

b. person-event paradigm.

c. interactional stress theory.

d. stress and coping paradigm. 

stress and coping paradigm.

19

A factor that makes the situation worse than it was originally is an example of

Select one:

a. an exacerbator. 

b. a disability.

c. fate.

d. an impairment.

 an exacerbator.

20

A secondary appraisal involves

Select one:

a. making a new primary appraisal.

b. evaluating your ability to cope. 

c. reassessing an event as benign, positive, or irrelevant.

d. making a secondary appraisal of an event.

b. evaluating your ability to cope.

21

Describe the changes in hearing associated with aging. What are the psychological consequences of changes in hearing? Provide examples.

Older people have a reduced sensitivity to high pitched tones, which is called presbycusis. It is caused by years of exposure to sound that has had a destructive effect on the ear mechanism. It is also a normative age related change. 

Men tend to suffer more than women from hearing loss

Roughly half of people in their late 70s have hearing loss to some degree. The onset is gradual at first with acceleration after mid-life

Technically, atrophy and degeneration of receptor cells in the auditory nerve occur. There may also be an obstruction in the structure of the inner ear

This can all cause difficulty in daily life tasks. Can lead to decrease in cognitive functioning; inability to communicate as effectively leading to social impediments/isolation; mood disorder; irritation; decrease of quality of life. For example, I wish to have an intimate discussion and forgive my mother in her late 90s for verbally abusing my sister. If she can't hear me properly, she may not fully grasp the intention of my discussion. She may only hear the words as blame and therefore feel more threatened by this attempt at resolution. This would cause her more stress and may cause her to choose to be even more isolated. 

2 kinds of hearing aids can be used to rectify the situation: 1) In the ear 2) behind the ear; however neither are as good as the ear in good health

22

How are health and illness defined? How is health typically measured? How is quality of life defined and measured?

Health: a sense and evidence of well-being in physical, psychological and social aspects of a person's life. Health means that a person has no disease or infirmity. 

A person with illness has a disease that can be physical or psychological; they may also have any form of impairment which decreases quality of life. 

A highly predictive and accurate form of measurement of health is self-rating. Medical and psychological diagnostics are also ways to measure. However, self-rating captures more measures and may have more of an effect a person's behavior. A drawback to self-rating would be trying to measure someone who has dementia or any other severe cognitive disability.  

Quality of life is a multi faceted notion that relates to biological aspects, psychological aspects, and socio-cultural aspects of a person's life.

It is measured in two categories:  

Health related and Non health related 

Health related category harkens back to the first definition above. 

Non-Health related aspects have to do with environmental aspects that can affect our enjoyment of life such as access to art, music, theatre, sport, other forms of entertainment, and our socio-economic position (affording us freedom to partake in these events).  

A person's quality of life may also be reflected in how much value they currently place on their present state, hope for the future, relations to friends/family, and the meaning they attribute to work/leisure. 

23

Which of the following statements is true?

Select one:

a. Atherosclerosis involves fat deposits in the veins.

b. Atherosclerosis is rarely life threatening.

c. Most people do not know if they have hypertension. 

d. Hypertension is never a result of atherosclerosis.

c. Most people do not know if they have hypertension. 

24

The best conclusion concerning changes in taste sensitivity with age is that such changes

Select one:

a. are extensive.

b. begin in young adulthood.

c. only occur for sweet tastes.

d. are rather minimal. 

d. are rather minimal. 

25

Researchers have found that this type of exercise can improve balance and reduce the chance of falling in older adults.

Select one:

a. Karate

b. Tai Chi 

c. Kick-boxing

d. Tai Bo

b. Tai Chi 

26

Substances that prevent oxygen from combining to form free radicals are known as

Select one:

a. collagen.

b. telomeres.

c. antioxidants. 

d. coenzymes.

c. antioxidants. 

27

When reading a research journal, a 46-year-old professor finds that she must hold it farther away to read the fine print. She is experiencing which normal age-related change in vision?

Select one:

a. presbycusis

b. retinopathy

c. presbyopia 

d. dysthermia

c. presbyopia 

28

One consequence of aging in the cardiovascular system is

Select one:

a. greater elasticity and flexibility of the arteries.

b. a decrease in overall blood pressure.

c. a reduction of the heart's pumping capacity.

d. blockage of cardiac arteries. 

c. a reduction of the heart's pumping capacity.

29

Which of the following is not a cause of wrinkles?

Select one:

a. thinning of the epidermal layer

b. collagen fibers losing flexibility

c. elastin fibres keeping skin more stretched 

d. losing the underlying layer of fat

c. elastin fibres keeping skin more stretched 

30

The ability to smell

Select one:

a. remains unchanged throughout life.

b. declines slowly from age 30.

c. actually improves as age increases.

d. usually declines only after age 60. 

d. usually declines only after age 60.