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Flashcards in Recovery Deck (55)
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1

How frequently do you monitor the vitals on an unconscious or immobile patient?

Every 10 minutes until animal regains consciousness.

2

An unconscious patient needs to be continuously supervised until when?

Extubation

3

What are 2 things that shivering consumes?

Oxygen and glucose

4

What needs to be conserved in an unconscious patient?

Body heat

5

With an unconscious patient, the tongue should be pulled rostrally to prevent what?

Pharyngeal occlusion

6

The endotracheal tube should be maintained until upper airway reflexes and jaw movement return in what type of patient?

Brachycephalic

7

Food and water should not be offered until the patient is what?

Standing

8

What should not be placed with an anesthetized animal?

An awake animal.

9

Caution needs to be used with what type of bandaging?
Especially where?

- Constrictive
- Head and throat

10

Tight bandaging over the abdomen of a cat can lead to what?

Posterior paralysis

11

What are 2 possible causes that can be mistaken for anesthetic sensitivity?

- Inappropriate dosing
- Inappropriate monitoring

12

Is anesthetic sensitivity common or rare in dogs?

Rare

13

What information do you need to know with prolonged emergence?

What the cause of the animal being asleep is.

14

How do you systematically evaluate a patient undergoing prolonged emergence?

A - Airway: maintain & protect
B - Breathing: ventilate to maintain normal CO2
C - CV: assess HR, BP, perfusion, urine output
D - Drugs: review all combinations
E - Electrolytes
F - Failure to find cause

15

What are 5 possible pharmacologic factors for prolonged emergence?

- Timing
- Total dose
- Half life
- Route
- Patient bioavailability

16

What effect do opioids have on the respiratory system?
How does this affect the inhalant?

- Decrease ventilation
- Delay inhalant elimination

17

What are 2 types of drugs that can potentiate other general anesthetic agents?

- Benzodiazepines
- Ketamine

18

What drugs can have a prolonged affect in greyhounds?

Barbiturates

19

Opioid accumulation can lead to what?

Prolonged emergence

20

What are 2 reversal agents for alpha 2 agonists?

- Atipamezole
- Yohimbine

21

What effect do benzodiazepines have that can cause prolonged emergence?

Decrease hepatic blood flow may prolong hepatic metabolism.

22

What is a reversal agent of benzodiazepines?

Flumazenil

23

What do you want to be careful of when reversing drugs?

Reversing analgesic effects.

24

Depressed thermoregulation under anesthesia can lead to what?

Hypothermia

25

What are 4 ways heat is lost?

- Evaporation
- Radiation
- Conduction
- Convection

26

What are 3 classes of drugs that alter thermoregulation?

- Opioids
- Alpha 2 agonists
- Inhalants

27

Inhalants lower thermal threshold response to what temperature?
What won't happen in the patient until this level is reached?

- 34.5 C
- Patient won't shiver.

28

How do you convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit?

Multiply by 1.8 and then add 32

29

A patients body temperature decreases over time with what?
How much in dogs?
How much in horses?

- Inhalants
- 2 C/hr
- 0.37 C/hr

30

Hypothermia (body temp

Reduces hepatic metabolism.