Terminology Flashcards Preview

Anesthesiology > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (11):
1

A state of behavioral change, wherein anxiety is relieved and the patient is relaxed, although aware of its surroundings.

Tranquilization

2

A state characterized by CNS depression accompanied by drowsiness. The patient is likely unaware of its surroundings.

Sedation

3

A drug induced state of deep sleep from which a patient cannot be easily aroused. It may or may not be accompanied by analgesia.

Narcosis

4

The combination of a neuroleptic agent and an analgesic agent to produce a state of heavy sedation and analgesia.

Neuroleptanalgesia

5

Refers to a loss of sensation in a circumscribed body area.

Local anesthesia

6

A loss of sensation in a larger, though limited, body area.

Regional anesthesia

7

A drug-induced unconsciousness characterized by controlled, reversible depression of the CNS and loss of perception of pain. The patient cannot be aroused. Sensory, motor and autonomic reflexes are attenuated.

General anesthesia

8

Induced by drugs that dissociate the thalamocortic and limbic systems.

Dissociative anesthesia

9

The stage/plane of general anesthesia that provides unconsciousness, muscle relaxation and analgesia sufficient for painless surgery.

Surgical anesthesia

10

Induced by a multiple drug approach. Drugs are targeted to attenuate individual components of the anesthetic state; unconsciousness, analgesia, muscle relaxation.

Balanced anesthesia

11

A loss of sensitivity to pain.

Analgesia