Flashcards in Ruminant and Camelid Deck (64)
What are 2 techniques can be used for simple diagnostics and some surgical procedures?
- Restrain ruminants
- Local anesthesia
More complex procedures will require what?
The same equipment and some of the drugs are used as in what other species?
What are 7 examples of standing procedures?
- Displaced abomasum
- Wound repair
- Teat surgery
What can be limited if the patient is uncooperative?
What minimum blood work should be done?
What should be included with a neonate?
What may be needed before placing IV catheter?
What should be gathered ahead of time?
Any special equipment, personnel.
What might be needed for ruminants to help prevent myopathy or neuropathy?
How much saliva does an average adult produce per day?
What are 4 possible complications seen with ruminants?
- Regurgitation: aspiration pneumonia
What can lead to decreased venous return and hypoventilation?
What type of recumbency will worsen the ability to ventilate?
Do you inflate the cuff before or after induction?
The head should be positioned to promote what?
Drainage during anesthesia
How should the head be positioned during sedation and recovery?
Head elevated with nose pointed down.
What are 2 things that should always be taken into account?
- Safety of animal
- Personnel working around nearby
You should have enough what available to situate patient on surgery table?
What is the recommended fasting time in adult large ruminants?
- 12-18 hours
- 8-12 hours
What is the recommended fasting time for sheep and goats?
- 12-18 hours
- 4 hours
What is the recommended fasting time for calves, lambs and kids?
Generally not required if 1 month.
The GI tract of ruminants functions as a simple stomach under what age?
Less than 3 months of age.
What helps reserve functional residual capacity since ruminants have a decreased tidal volume compared to horses?
What can fasting produce in cattle?
What can be caused by fasting?
Mild metabolic alkalosis
Even with precautions, what percentage of adult cattle may still regurgitate under anesthesia?
Where is the IV catheter usually place?
Jugular vein accessed most easily during surgery.
Do ruminants have thin skin or tough skin?
What gauge catheter is used in adult cattle?
In sheep, goats, calves?
- 12-14 gauge
- 16-18 gauge