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Flashcards in Ruminant and Camelid Deck (64)
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1

What are 2 techniques can be used for simple diagnostics and some surgical procedures?

- Restrain ruminants
- Local anesthesia

2

More complex procedures will require what?

General anesthesia

3

The same equipment and some of the drugs are used as in what other species?

Equine

4

What are 7 examples of standing procedures?

- Castration
- Displaced abomasum
- C-section
- Wound repair
- Teat surgery
- Enucleation
- Dehorning

5

What can be limited if the patient is uncooperative?

Physical exam

6

What minimum blood work should be done?
What should be included with a neonate?

- PCV/TS
- Glucose

7

What may be needed before placing IV catheter?

Sedation

8

What should be gathered ahead of time?

Any special equipment, personnel.

9

What might be needed for ruminants to help prevent myopathy or neuropathy?

Padding

10

How much saliva does an average adult produce per day?

50 L/day

11

What are 4 possible complications seen with ruminants?

- Hypersalivation
- Bloat
- Hypoventilation
- Regurgitation: aspiration pneumonia

12

What can lead to decreased venous return and hypoventilation?

Bloat

13

What type of recumbency will worsen the ability to ventilate?

Dorsal recumbency

14

Do you inflate the cuff before or after induction?

After induction

15

The head should be positioned to promote what?

Drainage during anesthesia

16

How should the head be positioned during sedation and recovery?

Head elevated with nose pointed down.

17

What are 2 things that should always be taken into account?

- Safety of animal
- Personnel working around nearby

18

You should have enough what available to situate patient on surgery table?

Experienced personnel

19

What is the recommended fasting time in adult large ruminants?
Water?

- 12-18 hours
- 8-12 hours

20

What is the recommended fasting time for sheep and goats?
water?

- 12-18 hours
- 4 hours

21

What is the recommended fasting time for calves, lambs and kids?

Generally not required if 1 month.

22

The GI tract of ruminants functions as a simple stomach under what age?

Less than 3 months of age.

23

What helps reserve functional residual capacity since ruminants have a decreased tidal volume compared to horses?

Fasting

24

What can fasting produce in cattle?

Bradycardia

25

What can be caused by fasting?

Mild metabolic alkalosis

26

Even with precautions, what percentage of adult cattle may still regurgitate under anesthesia?

25%

27

Where is the IV catheter usually place?

Jugular vein accessed most easily during surgery.

28

Do ruminants have thin skin or tough skin?

Tough skin

29

What gauge catheter is used in adult cattle?
In sheep, goats, calves?

- 12-14 gauge
- 16-18 gauge

30

Do you always need to give a premedication to ruminants?

No