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Neurology > Disease of the Spinal Cord > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disease of the Spinal Cord Deck (11)
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1

What are the causes of myelopathy and radiculopathy?

Inflammation
Infiltration
Infarction
Tumour
Haemorrhage
Trauma

2

What are the expected motor signs of UMN pathology affecting the spinal cord/nerve roots?

No wasting
Increased tone
Increased reflexes
Pyramidal pattern of weakness

3

What are the expected motor signs of LMN pathology affecting the spinal cord/nerve roots?

Wasting
Decreased tone
Decreased reflexes
Weakness

4

What is ridiculopathy?

Dermatomal pattern of sensory loss

5

What are the causes of spinal cord ischaemia?

Arterial dissection
Artheromatous disease
Thromboembolic disease
Systemic hypotension
Vasculitis
Hyperviscosity syndromes

6

What is the clinical presentation of a spinal cord stroke?

Back pain, visceral referred pain
Weakness
Numbness and parathesia
Bowel and bladder incontinence

7

What is the investigations for spinal cord stroke?

CT

8

What is the treatment for spinal cord stroke?

Maintain adequate BP
Bed rest
Reverse hypovalaemia/arrhythmia
OT and physiotherapy
Manage vascular risk factors

9

What are the causes of transverse myelitis?

Idiopathic
Viral
Autoimmune
Malignancies
Post vaccination (chicken pox, rabies)

10

What are the consequences of B12 deficiency?

Pernicious anaemia
Myelopathy
Peripheral neuropathy

11

What are the signs of B12 deficient myelopathy?

Parathesia of hands and feet, areflexia
Paraplegia
Sensory ataxia
Painless retention of urine