Flashcards in Diseases of the Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots Deck (15)
Where does the spinal cord start and end?
What parts of the spinal cord are composed of grey matter?
What parts of the spinal cord are composed of white matter?
Anterior, lateral and posterior columns
What are the clinical features of a spinal cord disease?
Pain- local or referred
Sensory- pins and needles, tingling, numbness
What upper motor clinical features occur due to cord compression?
Upgoing plantar response
What are the lower motor clinical features of a peripheral nerve root compression?
Wasting of muscle
Decreased or absent plantar response
What are the different types of spina bifida?
What is the difference between occulta and apart spina bifida?
Occulta- normal or mild symptoms
Aperta- hydrocephalus, chiari malformation, aqueduct stenosis, tethered cord as associated symptoms
What are the subtypes of spina bifida aperta?
What are the different forms of cervical spondylosis?
What are the different forms of lumbar spondylosis?
Cauda equina syndrome
What are the clinical signs of caudal equina syndrome?
Bilateral leg pain
Bladder/ bowel symptoms
saddle sensory symptoms
Where are the common locations of spinal metastasis?
What are the different types of primary spinal neoplasms?