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Flashcards in Red Eye and Adnexal Oncology Deck (25)
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1

What are some diseases that will present with red eye but no loss of vision?

Uveitis
Conjunctivitis

2

How do you differentiate between the various types of conjunctivitis?

Yellow discharge (bacterial)
Watery discharge (viral)
Mucous discharge (allergic)

3

What are some diseases that will present with red eye and vision loss?

Scleritis
Orbital cellulitis
Acute glaucoma
Corneal ulcer

4

What are some of the causes of uveitis?

Idiopathic
Infection (TB, herpes simplex, syphillis)
Associated with systemic disease (ankylosing spondylitis)

5

What is the treatment for uveitis?

Topical anti inflammatory
Systemic steroid
Systemic immunosuppressants

6

What are the symptoms of acute angle closure glaucoma?

Severe pain
Vomiting
Fixed, dilated pupil

7

What may cause a corneal abrasion?

Trauma
Chronic dry eye

8

What are the features of preseptal cellulitis?

Pain
Redness
Lid swelling

9

What are the common causes of preseptal cellulitis?

Lid cyst
Insect bite

10

What are the features of orbital cellulitis?

Pain
Redness
Lid swelling
Blurred vision
Systemically unwell
Exophthalmos
Chemosis

11

What are the common causes of orbital cellulitis?

Sinusitis
Dental infections

12

What are the most common benign eyelid tumours?

Basal cell papilloma

13

What are the most common malignant eyelid tumours?

Basal cell carcinoma

14

What does the appearance of a squamous cell papilloma look like?

Raspberry texture
Pedunculated/sessile

15

How are squamous cell papillomas treated?

Excision or laser ablation

16

What does the appearance of a basal cell papilloma look like?

Greasy, brown, flat , round
Unrelated to sun exposure

17

How are basal cell papillomas treated?

Excision

18

What is used to diagnose a malignant transformation?

Asymmetry
Border
Colour
Diameter
Evolving/elevated
Firm to touch
Growing

19

What does the appearance of actinic keratosis look like?

Flat, scaly, hyperkeratotic skin
Related to sun exposure

20

How are actinic keratosis treated?

Excision or topical chemotherapy

21

What does the appearance of keratocanthoma look like?

Pink papule
Hyperkeratotic crater

22

How are capillary haemangiomas treated?

Beta blockers
Intralesion steroid
Surgery

23

What is the characteristic apppearance of a basal cell carcinoma?

Slow, inexorable growth over months
Non-pigmented, elevated, ulcerated
Pearly, rolled, irregular border
Telangiectasia
Lack of tenderness

24

What are the clinical subtypes of basal cell carcinomas?

Nodular
Ulcerative
Morpheaform/infiltrative

25

How are basal cell carcinomas treated?

Standard excision
Mohs surgery
Non-surgical (chemo, radio, cryo)