Flashcards in Chapter 10 Quiz #2 Deck (15):
Who identified agricultural regions, how many regions were identified, and in what year?
In 1936 Derwent Whittlesey identified 11 main agricultural regions
How many agricultural regions are important to developing countries and how many are important to developed countries?
5 are important to developing countries and 6 are important to developed countries
What are the 5 types of agriculture in LDCs/ developing countries?
Shifting cultivation, pastoral nomadism, intensive subsistence wet rice agriculture, intensive subsistence non wet rice agriculture, and plantation farming (more in developing countries).
Describe shifting cultivation
It's also called "slash and burn" and uses cleared land/ swidden. They use a field, which is often communal, for a couple of years and then move on to another.
What type of agriculture is practiced on the largest percentage of land worldwide?
What are the negative effects of shifting cultivation/ slash and burn?
Deforestation, pollution, and the loss of biodiversity due to the fact that new land needs to be cleared every 2 to 3 years
Describe pastoral nomadism and why it's a dying practice
It's the herding of domesticated animals. Transhumance, a type of pastoral nomadism, involves seasonal migration. This practice is dying out due to technology, urbanism, and government pressures
What are the negative effects of pastoral nomadism?
Territorial disputes, competition for resources, and desertification due to overgrazing and human activity
What factors determine what is produced, where it's produced, and who produces it?
Climate, culture, economics (MDCs vs LDCs), and political situation
What is Intensive Subsistence wet rice dominant farming?
It's intensive use of a small area of farmland that occurs in densely populated areas, such as parts of parts of South & Southeast Asia. It usually involves double cropping- when 2 crops are cultivated on one piece of land every year.
What type of farming is practiced by the largest percentage of people in the world?
Intensive Subsistence Wet Rice dominant farming is practiced by the largest percentage of people in the world
Describe Intensive Subsistance non-wet rice dominant farming. (where is it grown, why isn't it the best form of farming, what crops are grown, etc)
It's in Central India and Northeastern China. There's often not enough precipitation in the summer and winter- too harsh of a climate. Wheat and barely are grown and crop rotation is used
What are some negative effects of Intensive Subsistence wet rice not dominant farming?
It's intensive and it creates a significant impact on humans and the environment. One small problem could lead to widespread famine. Causes health issues due to exposure to animal waste and vulnerability to disease.
Describe plantation farming (where and what)
It's typically found in tropical regions- Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Primarily in LDCs but is often owned by European and US companies. Cotton, sugarcane, coffee, coco, bananas, tobacco, and tea are some of the most common crops.