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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Test Deck (38):
1

What are the seven aspects of culture?

Customs and traditions,
arts and entertainment,
religion,
language,
economic systems,
government,
social organizations

2

Where is folk culture commonly found?

Often found in small,isolated, and homogeneous groups

3

What does folk culture help you get a sense of?

Place

4

In what type of culture is the hearth commonly known? Which one is unknown?

In folk culture, the hearth of a specific trait is often unknown. In popular culture, the hearth is often known

5

What is the goal of most examples of popular culture and how will they achieve their goal?

To make money through widespread diffusion

6

What does popular culture give you a sense of?

Placelessness

7

What did making moonshine in the mountains of Kentucky and Virginia lead to?

NASCAR

8

Define culture

Believes, social forms, and traits that constitute the distinct traditions of a particular group of people

9

Folk culture turns into popular culture by what?

Diffusion

10

Folk cultures a often influenced by what?

The environment

11

What does popular culture do to the environment?

It imposes itself on the physical environment

12

What is material culture?

Artifacts: the physical objects that define a culture

13

What is non material culture?

Beliefs, values, patriotism, and laws

14

What are customs?

Repetitive acts a culture does that becomes a characteristic of that specific group of people (ex: handshakes)

15

Why is folk culture slow to diffuse?

A lack of technology and no intent to make money

16

Why does popular culture spread so quickly?

Due to contagious diffusion, the Internet and mass media. It is intended to make a profit so ads too

17

What are some sports that have evolved from folk cultural traditions?

Cricket, soccer, baseball, volleyball, and football

18

What are taboos?

Restrictions on certain behaviors imposed by local social customs

19

What happens when a major company wants to have a store in an unfamiliar country?

They have to accept the local customs and adjust their stores,products, and ads in that country accordingly

20

Where is Bhutan?

Between China and India

21

What does Bhutan have more of than soldiers?

They have more monks than soldiers

22

How many channels can the people in Bhutan get and how much does it cost?

45 channels for $5 a month which is the same price of a bag of dry red chili peppers

23

What program did the people of Bhutan not like?

Wrestling

24

What was a positive affect of TV in Bhutan?

Makes them realize how good they have it and how much violence the rest of the world has

25

When was the first TV installed in Bhutan?

1999

26

Define assimilation

The process in which people lose their original cultural traits when they come into contact with another more dominant culture.

27

What's an example of assimilation?

Native tribes in north America

28

What is acculturation?

When people adopt some of the cultural traits of another group, but not entirely (you can still see some of their original culture)

29

Who are the Amish, where did they first settle, and what are some of their taboos?

They're Christians who fled European persecution in the 1700s, and they are resisting assimilation to maintain folk customs and traditions. Some of their cubbies include: electricity, water conveniences/technology, and higher education

30

What are two necessities of life that demonstrate the influence of the environment on culture?

Food and shelter

31

What are some common tendencies of folk culture when it comes to using their environment to provide food shelter?

They tend to use their environment to meet their needs – locally grown and/or produced food, and their housing uses local/natural resources

32

What are some common tendencies of popular culture when it comes to using their environment to provide food and shelter?

Tends to use resources that have been widely diffused, processed, and manufactured. Their houses don't blend in with the natural landscape and are often "cookie-cutter houses "

33

Who identified three major folk housing styles in the US?

Geographer Fred Kniffen

34

What are the three major folk housing styles in the United States?

1) New England
2) Middle Atlantic
3) Lower Chesapeake/tidewater

35

How do folk cultures build houses?

They use what their environment gives them (like sod houses, Adobe houses, and log houses)

36

What does modern housing make the United States look like?

Makes you not able to tell where you are (Placelessness) because you can order the building materials from all over the world and everything is uniform

37

When do popular cultural traits, customs, taboos, and traditions blend together?

They often blend together in sports, entertainment, what we eat, and how we dress

38

Where and when did blue jeans originate?

It originated when miners needed more durable clothing and it became a pop culture icon in the 1950s and 1960s