Chapter 5 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 vocab Deck (15):
1

Dialect

A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronounciation

2

Extinct language

A language that was once used by people in their daily activities but is no longer used

3

Creole language

A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated

4

Franglais

A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language; a combo of French and English

5

Isogloss

A boundary that separates regions in which different languages predominate

6

Language

A system of communication through the use of speech; a collection of sounds understood to have the same meaning to group of people

7

Language branch

A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family

8

Language family

A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history

9

Lingua Franca

A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages

10

Official language

The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and the publication of documents

11

Pidgin language

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and a limited vocabulary of a lingua franca; used for communications among speakers of two different languages

12

Received pronunciation

The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered a standard in the UK

13

Spanglish

Combination of Spanish and English spoken by Hispanic Americans

14

Standard language

The form of language that's used for official government business, education, and mass communications

15

Vulgar Latin

A form of Latin that was used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to standard Latin dialect, which was used for official documents