Flashcards in Crash course- Religion Deck (18):
What are the 3 major universalizing religions?
Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism
About what % of the world follows a universalizing religion?
What are branches?
Large, fundamental, divisions in a religion
What are denominations?
Groups of common congregations within a branch
What are sects?
Smaller groups that've broken away from a recognized denomination within a branch
What are the 2 major ethnic religions?
Judaism and Hinduism
What's the world's first universalizing religion?
Where was Buddhism is founded and where is it almost extinct?
Buddhism was founded in India and is almost extinct there
Where did Christianity originate?
The semitic hearth (near modern day Israel)
What are the 3 most types of buddhism? Which ones are the main 2?
Theravada and Mahayana are the main 2 branches but Lamaism can be found in Tibet
What is the most famous structure of Buddhism?
Define a syncretic religion and give an example
A blend of beliefs and practices of both Hinduism and Islam. Ex: Sikhism
What is the oldest monotheistic religion?
Judaism, 2000 BCE
What is a diaspora?
The scattering of an ethnic group
What's an example of a diaspora?
When the Roman Empire destroyed the Jews' holy city of Jerusalem and the Jews scattered throughout the world
What are the 3 types of Judaism?
(In order of most to least conservative and old): Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative
What's the difference between and interfaith boundary and an intrafaith boundary?
An interfaith boundary divides space between 2 or more religions and an intrafaith boundary divides space within 1 religon/ among denominations